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Feature Statistic China

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
9.030A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
2.905A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
366A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
31A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
21A.ADM4Hhistorical fourth-order administrative divisiona former fourth-order administrative division
2A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
2A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
2A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
12.361 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3.567H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
3.474H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1.165H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
270H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
248H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
217H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
161H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
154H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
106H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
94H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
71H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
68H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
63H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
56H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
39H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
38H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
38H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
33H.STMXsection of stream
27H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
23H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
17H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
17H.LKXsection of lake
16H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
13H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
9H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
9H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
8H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
7H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
7H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
7H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
7H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
7H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
6H.CNLXsection of canal
6H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
6H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
6H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
5H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
4H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
4H.STMIintermittent stream
3H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
3H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
2H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
2H.DTCHMditch mouth(s)an area where a drainage ditch enters a lagoon, lake or bay
2H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
2H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
2H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
2H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
2H.CUTFcutoffa channel formed as a result of a stream cutting through a meander neck
1H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
1H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
1H.CNLQabandoned canal
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
1H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
1H.LKIintermittent lake
1H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
1H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
1H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
10.105 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
10.631L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
205L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
106L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
105L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
28L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
10L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
9L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
9L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
4L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
3L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
3L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
3L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
2L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
2L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
2L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
2L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
1L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
1L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
1L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
1L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
11.129 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
691.065P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
12.140P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
9.412P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1.770P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
138P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
34P.PPLXsection of populated place
30P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
9P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
8P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
8P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
5P.PPLQabandoned populated place
2P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
714.623 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
58R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
48R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
46R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
16R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
4R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
3R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
177 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
7.949S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
829S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
570S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
304S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
301S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
199S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
183S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
180S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
172S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
136S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
106S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
94S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
75S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
75S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
67S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
67S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
54S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
47S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
45S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
43S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
42S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
40S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
40S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
38S.AIRQabandoned airfield
38S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
36S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
32S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
26S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
26S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
25S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
25S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
22S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
19S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
19S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
18S.PGDApagodaa tower-like storied structure, usually a Buddhist shrine
17S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
16S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
16S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
15S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
15S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
15S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
14S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
13S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
13S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
12S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
11S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
11S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
11S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
10S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
10S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
10S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
9S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
8S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
8S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
8S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
6S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
6S.STNIinspection stationa station at which vehicles, goods, and people are inspected
6S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
6S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
6S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
6S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
6S.MFGSGsugar refinerya facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar
6S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
5S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
5S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
5S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
5S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
5S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
5S.TOLLtoll gate/barrierhighway toll collection station
5S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
4S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
4S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
4S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
4S.GRVEgravea burial site
4S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
4S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
4S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
4S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
4S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
3S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
3S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
3S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
3S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
3S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
3S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
3S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
3S.MFGPHphosphate worksa facility for producing fertilizer
3S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
2S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
2S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
2S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
2S.MLMore treatment planta facility for improving the metal content of ore by concentration
2S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
2S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
2S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
2S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
2S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
2S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
2S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
2S.MFGCUcopper worksa facility for processing copper ore
1S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
1S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
1S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
1S.BTYDboatyarda waterside facility for servicing, repairing, and building small vessels
1S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
1S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
1S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
1S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
1S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
1S.ZNFfree trade zonean area, usually a section of a port, where goods may be received and shipped free of customs duty and of most customs regulations
1S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
12.373 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
2.846T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
1.839T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
867T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
685T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
444T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
398T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
354T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
202T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
63T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
29T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
29T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
28T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
27T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
25T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
18T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
14T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
14T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
14T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
12T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
10T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
8T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
7T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
7T.ATOLatoll(s)a ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon
6T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
4T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
3T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
3T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
2T.ISLXsection of island
2T.FANfan(s)a fan-shaped wedge of coarse alluvium with apex merging with a mountain stream bed and the fan spreading out at a low angle slope onto an adjacent plain
2T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
1T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
1T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
1T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
1T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
1T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
1T.LEVleveea natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods
1T.PTSpointstapering pieces of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
7.972 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
7U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
2U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
2U.BKSUbankselevations, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1U.TRNUtrencha long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea floor, with relatively steep sides
1U.KNLUknollan elevation rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
1U.BSNUbasina depression more or less equidimensional in plan and of variable extent
1U.SMUseamountan elevation rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
15 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
5V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
4V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
3V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1V.GRVPNpine grovea planting of pine trees
1V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
14 Total for V

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