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Feature Statistic Kazakhstan

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
269A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
26A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
17A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
10A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
3A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.LTERleased areaa tract of land leased to another country, usually for military installations
327 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
2.623H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
2.380H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
1.797H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
1.191H.STMIintermittent stream
665H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
585H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
451H.LKNIintermittent salt lake
339H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
247H.LKIintermittent lake
244H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
198H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
152H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
143H.WLLQabandoned well
120H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
43H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
42H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
30H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
27H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
27H.LKOIintermittent oxbow lake
23H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
17H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
14H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
11H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
8H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
8H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
7H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
7H.RSVIintermittent reservoir
6H.STMXsection of stream
5H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
5H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
4H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
4H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
3H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
3H.CNLQabandoned canal
3H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
2H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
2H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
1H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
1H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
1H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
11.441 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
2.047L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
334L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
9L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
9L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
5L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
3L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
2L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
2L.COLFcoalfielda region in which coal deposits of possible economic value occur
2L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
2L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
2L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
2L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
2.419 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
11.786P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
92P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
66P.PPLXsection of populated place
46P.PPLQabandoned populated place
16P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
2P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
2P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
2P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
1P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
12.014 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
107R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
42R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
3R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
2R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
1R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
155 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
3.487S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1.115S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1.043S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
848S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
509S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
438S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
401S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
304S.GRVEgravea burial site
122S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
95S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
70S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
69S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
56S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
47S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
41S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
36S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
29S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
23S.HUThuta small primitive house
20S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
19S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
17S.AIRQabandoned airfield
16S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
16S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
13S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
11S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
11S.CMPLlogging campa camp used by loggers
11S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
10S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
7S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
6S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
6S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
5S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
5S.RSGNLrailroad signala signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains
5S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
5S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
5S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
4S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
4S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
3S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
3S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
3S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
3S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
3S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
2S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
2S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
2S.CMPQabandoned camp
2S.FRMQabandoned farm
2S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
2S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
2S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
2S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
2S.OILWoil wella well from which oil may be pumped
2S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
2S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
2S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
1S.CTRSspace centera facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles
1S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
1S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
1S.CMPOoil campa camp used by oilfield workers
1S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
1S.MLMore treatment planta facility for improving the metal content of ore by concentration
1S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
1S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
1S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
1S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
1S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
8.982 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
1.811T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1.068T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
541T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
426T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
208T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
157T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
123T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
119T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
80T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
36T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
35T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
32T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
31T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
31T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
30T.ERGsandy desertan extensive tract of shifting sand and sand dunes
23T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
18T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
15T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
13T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
9T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
9T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
6T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
6T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
6T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
6T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
5T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
5T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
4T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
3T.BUTEbutte(s)a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides
2T.TRRterracea long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
2T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
2T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
1T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
4.864 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
25V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
15V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
4V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
3V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
1V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
48 Total for V

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