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Feature Statistic Japan

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
1.188A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
1.155A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
1.152A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
681A.ADM4Hhistorical fourth-order administrative divisiona former fourth-order administrative division
208A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
145A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
124A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
47A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
8A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
4.710 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3.561H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
505H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
478H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
312H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
244H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
200H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
191H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
181H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
125H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
113H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
101H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
92H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
85H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
80H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
62H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
55H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
41H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
34H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
17H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
17H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
16H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
15H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
14H.STMXsection of stream
9H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
6H.HBRXsection of harbor
5H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
5H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
4H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
4H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
3H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
2H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
2H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
2H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
2H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
2H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
2H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
2H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
2H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
1H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
1H.SPNSsulphur spring(s)a place where sulphur ground water flows naturally out of the ground
1H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
1H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
1H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
1H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
1H.CNLXsection of canal
6.600 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
272L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
261L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
87L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
63L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
60L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
26L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
24L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
15L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
6L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
4L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
4L.MVAmaneuver areaa tract of land where military field exercises are carried out
3L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
3L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
2L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
2L.COLFcoalfielda region in which coal deposits of possible economic value occur
1L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
1L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
1L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
837 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
28.209P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
6.737P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
709P.PPLXsection of populated place
46P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
25P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
12P.PPLQabandoned populated place
9P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
6P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
35.756 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
223R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
25R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
8R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
5R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
1R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
263 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
9.185S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
2.974S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
1.974S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
1.354S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
589S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
324S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
290S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
229S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
208S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
176S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
119S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
75S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
59S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
45S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
43S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
39S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
38S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
37S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
36S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
31S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
31S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
29S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
29S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
27S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
27S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
27S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
24S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
24S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
23S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
22S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
21S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
19S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
18S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
18S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
17S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
16S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
14S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
14S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
12S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
12S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
12S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
10S.PRNJreformatorya facility for confining, training, and reforming young law offenders
10S.GRVEgravea burial site
10S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
10S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
9S.HUThuta small primitive house
9S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
8S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
8S.MNQabandoned mine
7S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
7S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
5S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
5S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
5S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
5S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
5S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
4S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
4S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
4S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
3S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
3S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
3S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
3S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
3S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
3S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
3S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
3S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
3S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
3S.STNCcoast guard stationa facility from which the coast is guarded by armed vessels
2S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
2S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
2S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
2S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
2S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
2S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
2S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
2S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
2S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
1S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
1S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
1S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
1S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
1S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
1S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
1S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
1S.MFGCcannerya building where food items are canned
1S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
1S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
1S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
1S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
1S.AIRQabandoned airfield
1S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
1S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.CTRSspace centera facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
18.454 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
4.046T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
2.161T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
1.685T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
720T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
706T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
655T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
298T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
178T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
160T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
126T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
88T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
72T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
64T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
58T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
50T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
42T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
42T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
32T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
28T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
13T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
10T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
9T.ISLFartificial islandan island created by landfill or diking and filling in a wetland, bay, or lagoon
8T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
8T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
7T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
7T.ISLXsection of island
5T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
5T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
4T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
4T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
3T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
2T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
2T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
2T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
1T.SLIDslidea mound of earth material, at the base of a slope and the associated scoured area
1T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
11.305 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
12U.SMUseamountan elevation rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
3U.TRNUtrencha long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea floor, with relatively steep sides
1U.TRGUtrougha long depression of the sea floor characteristically flat bottomed and steep sided, and normally shallower than a trench
1U.RDGUridgea long narrow elevation with steep sides
1U.HOLUholea small depression of the sea floor
18 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
38V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
9V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
1V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
49 Total for V

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