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Feature Statistic Egypt

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
137A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
32A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
27A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
1A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
201 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3,319H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
1,816H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
1,459H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
431H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
162H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
105H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
101H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
91H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
75H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
59H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
56H.LKXsection of lake
52H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
52H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
40H.LKIintermittent lake
31H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
28H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
25H.STMIintermittent stream
22H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
21H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
19H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
19H.SBKHsabkha(s)a salt flat or salt encrusted plain subject to periodic inundation from flooding or high tides
17H.WLLQabandoned well
17H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
16H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
12H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
10H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
9H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
8H.LKNIintermittent salt lake
7H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
6H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
6H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
6H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
6H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
5H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
5H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
4H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
4H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
4H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
3H.CNLXsection of canal
3H.LGNXsection of lagoon
3H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
3H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
3H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
3H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
2H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
2H.PNDNIintermittent salt pond(s)
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.WADXsection of wadi
1H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
1H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
1H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
1H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
1H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
8,154 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
251L.FLDIirrigated field(s)a tract of level or terraced land which is irrigated
237L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
208L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
43L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
33L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
26L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
20L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
18L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
17L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
8L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
5L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
5L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
4L.GASFgasfieldan area containing a subterranean store of natural gas of economic value
2L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
1L.QCKSquicksandan area where loose sand with water moving through it may become unstable when heavy objects are placed at the surface, causing them to sink
1L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
882 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
11,491P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
431P.PPLXsection of populated place
35P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
26P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
7P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
6P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
4P.PPLQabandoned populated place
2P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
12,004 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
140R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
59R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
50R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
19R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
8R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
6R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
1R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.RTEcaravan routethe route taken by caravans
1R.RRQabandoned railroad
1R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
288 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
1,358S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
1,146S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
982S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
806S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
644S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
250S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
246S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
209S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
194S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
183S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
142S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
141S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
112S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
110S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
109S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
94S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
92S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
78S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
71S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
70S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
63S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
60S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
58S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
54S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
52S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
52S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
46S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
40S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
38S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
38S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
35S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
33S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
31S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
30S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
30S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
28S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
27S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
26S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
26S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
25S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
24S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
24S.PYRpyramidan ancient massive structure of square ground plan with four triangular faces meeting at a point and used for enclosing tombs
23S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
22S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
22S.HUThuta small primitive house
21S.STNCcoast guard stationa facility from which the coast is guarded by armed vessels
21S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
19S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
19S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
19S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
18S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
16S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
16S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
16S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
15S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
15S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
13S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
13S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
13S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
13S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
12S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
12S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
12S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
11S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
9S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
8S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
8S.TWOtemp work officeTemporary Work Offices
8S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
8S.AIRQabandoned airfield
7S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
7S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
6S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
6S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
5S.MNQabandoned mine
5S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
5S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
5S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
5S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
5S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
5S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
5S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
4S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
4S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
4S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
4S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
3S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
3S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
3S.BURburial cave(s)a cave used for human burials
3S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
3S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
3S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
3S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
3S.TRMOoil pipeline terminala tank farm or loading facility at the end of an oil pipeline
2S.ZNFfree trade zonean area, usually a section of a port, where goods may be received and shipped free of customs duty and of most customs regulations
2S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
2S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
2S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
2S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
2S.ATMautomatic teller machineAn unattended electronic machine in a public place, connected to a data system and related equipment and activated by a bank customer to obtain cash withdrawals and other banking services.
2S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
2S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
2S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
2S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
2S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
1S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
1S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
1S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
1S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
1S.ARCHVarchivea place or institution where documents are preserved
1S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
1S.ASYLasyluma facility where the insane are cared for and protected
1S.SYGsynagoguea place for Jewish worship and religious instruction
1S.HSPDdispensarya building where medical or dental aid is dispensed
1S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
1S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
1S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
1S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
1S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
1S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
1S.PYRSpyramidsancient massive structures of square ground plan with four triangular faces meeting at a point and used for enclosing tombs
1S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
1S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
1S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
1S.PSTCcustoms posta building at an international boundary where customs and duties are paid on goods
1S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
1S.SCHNmaritime schoola school at which maritime sciences form the core of the curriculum
1S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
1S.SHPFsheepfolda fence or wall enclosure for sheep and other small herd animals
8,435 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
1,716T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1,031T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
505T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
294T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
191T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
161T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
129T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
121T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
99T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
66T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
55T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
44T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
39T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
30T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
29T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
27T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
25T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
23T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
16T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
14T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
14T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
14T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
12T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
10T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
10T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
9T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
9T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
8T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
6T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
6T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
5T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
5T.MESAmesa(s)a flat-topped, isolated elevation with steep slopes on all sides, less extensive than a plateau
4T.BUTEbutte(s)a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides
4T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
4T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
4T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
2T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
2T.PENXsection of peninsula
2T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
1T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
1T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
4,748 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.HOLUholea small depression of the sea floor
1U.LDGUledgea rocky projection or outcrop, commonly linear and near shore
2 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
51V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
20V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
13V.GROVEgrovea small wooded area or collection of trees growing closely together, occurring naturally or deliberately planted
3V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
1V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
89 Total for V

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