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Feature Statistic Canada

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
1,542A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
1,089A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
555A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
65A.PRSHparishan ecclesiastical district
42A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
42A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
16A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
13A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
2A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
3,369 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
104,667H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
48,882H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
11,346H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
7,282H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
5,382H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
3,227H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
1,944H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
1,929H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
1,521H.OVFoverfallsan area of breaking waves caused by the meeting of currents or by waves moving against the current
1,200H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
1,094H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
670H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
572H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
555H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
471H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
266H.PNDSpondssmall standing waterbodies
186H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
177H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
156H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
134H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
120H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
103H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
64H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
35H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
28H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
10H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
9H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
5H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
5H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
5H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
3H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
3H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
3H.STMXsection of stream
3H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
2H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
2H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
2H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
2H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1H.CAPGicecapa dome-shaped mass of glacial ice covering an area of mountain summits or other high lands; smaller than an ice sheet
1H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
1H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
1H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
1H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
1H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
1H.CNLXsection of canal
1H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
1H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
1H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
1H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
192,076 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
11,626L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
2,656L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
2,470L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
1,841L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
141L.MILBmilitary basea place used by an army or other armed service for storing arms and supplies, and for accommodating and training troops, a base from which operations can be initiated
7L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
5L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
4L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
3L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
3L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
2L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
2L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
2L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
1L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
1L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
1L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
18,768 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
14,906P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
4,785P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
1,187P.PPLXsection of populated place
26P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
21P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
13P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
8P.PPLQabandoned populated place
7P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
4P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
3P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
1P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
20,966 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
614R.PTGEportagea place where boats, goods, etc., are carried overland between navigable waters
54R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
30R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
13R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
3R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
3R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
3R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
2R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
2R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
1R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
725 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
5,530S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
1,437S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
845S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
796S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
501S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
456S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
219S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
188S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
122S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
109S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
106S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
67S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
48S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
48S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
47S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
46S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
44S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
41S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
39S.AIRQabandoned airfield
39S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
32S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
31S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
29S.MNQabandoned mine
25S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
23S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
22S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
18S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
18S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
17S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
16S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
15S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
15S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
15S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
14S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
13S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
12S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
11S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
10S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
10S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
10S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
9S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
9S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
8S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
7S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
7S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
7S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
7S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
7S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
7S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
6S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
6S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
6S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
6S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
5S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
5S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
4S.HUThuta small primitive house
4S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
4S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
4S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
4S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
3S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
3S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
3S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
3S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
3S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
3S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
3S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
3S.ARCHVarchivea place or institution where documents are preserved
3S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
3S.GRVEgravea burial site
2S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
2S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
2S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
2S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
2S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
2S.DCKDdry docka dock providing support for a vessel, and means for removing the water so that the bottom of the vessel can be exposed
2S.ASYLasyluma facility where the insane are cared for and protected
2S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
2S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
2S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
2S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
2S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
2S.SCHLlanguage schoolLanguage Schools & Institutions
2S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
1S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
1S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
1S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
1S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1S.CMPMNmining campa camp used by miners
1S.RLGRretreata place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
1S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
1S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
1S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
1S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
1S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
1S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
1S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
1S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
1S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
1S.HUTShutssmall primitive houses
1S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
1S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
1S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
1S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.MFGSGsugar refinerya facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar
1S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
1S.PRKHQpark headquartersa park administrative facility
1S.BLDAapartment buildinga building containing several individual apartments
1S.TRAMtramrail vehicle along urban streets (also known as streetcar or trolley)
1S.PSTCcustoms posta building at an international boundary where customs and duties are paid on goods
1S.MFGQabandoned factory
11,298 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
19,365T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
12,841T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
8,814T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
3,353T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1,579T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
1,560T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1,550T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
1,413T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
1,272T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
1,193T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
920T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
805T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
576T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
554T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
511T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
405T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
208T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
157T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
112T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
45T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
23T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
9T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
8T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
6T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
4T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
3T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
1T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
1T.SLIDslidea mound of earth material, at the base of a slope and the associated scoured area
1T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
1T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
1T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
1T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
57,293 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
7,176U.SHSUshoalshazards to surface navigation composed of unconsolidated material
504U.LDGUledgea rocky projection or outcrop, commonly linear and near shore
269U.GLYUgullya small valley-like feature
18U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
4U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1U.TRGUtrougha long depression of the sea floor characteristically flat bottomed and steep sided, and normally shallower than a trench
1U.FLTUflata small level or nearly level area
1U.RFUreefa surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
7,974 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
115V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
2V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
1V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
1V.BUSHbush(es)a small clump of conspicuous bushes in an otherwise bare area
1V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
1V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
1V.HTHheathan upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather
1V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
123 Total for V

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