GeoNames Home | Postal Codes | Download / Webservice | About 

Countries » Syria »

Feature Statistic Syria

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
272A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
61A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
14A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
6A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
1A.PCLHhistorical political entitya former political entity
1A.ZNBbuffer zonea zone recognized as a buffer between two nations in which military presence is minimal or absent
357 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
2.839H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
892H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
636H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
173H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
104H.SBKHsabkha(s)a salt flat or salt encrusted plain subject to periodic inundation from flooding or high tides
64H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
36H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
25H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
19H.PNDIintermittent pond
11H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
10H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
10H.STMXsection of stream
9H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
9H.LKIintermittent lake
9H.WADXsection of wadi
8H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
7H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
6H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
6H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
5H.WTLDIintermittent wetland
5H.STMIintermittent stream
5H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
4H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
3H.PNDNsalt ponda small standing body of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
3H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
2H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
1H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
1H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
1H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
1H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
1H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
1H.WLLQabandoned well
4.907 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
894L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
473L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
48L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
11L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
8L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
4L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
3L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
2L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
2L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
1L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
1L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
1L.MILBmilitary basea place used by an army or other armed service for storing arms and supplies, and for accommodating and training troops, a base from which operations can be initiated
1L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
1L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
1.450 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
8.991P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
592P.PPLXsection of populated place
448P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
233P.PPLQabandoned populated place
212P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
47P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
30P.STLMTisraeli settlement
12P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
4P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
2P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
10.573 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
75R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
16R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
2R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
1R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
96 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
1.150S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
379S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
288S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
215S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
202S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
160S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
110S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
109S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
72S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
56S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
51S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
49S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
45S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
42S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
40S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
35S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
35S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
31S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
28S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
26S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
25S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
22S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
22S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
16S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
14S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
14S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
14S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
12S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
11S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
11S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
10S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
9S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
9S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
9S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
9S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
9S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
8S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
8S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
7S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
7S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
6S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
6S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
5S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
5S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
5S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
5S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
4S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
4S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
4S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
3S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
3S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
3S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
3S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
3S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
3S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
3S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
2S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
2S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
2S.CMPRFrefugee campa camp used by refugees
2S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
2S.GRVEgravea burial site
2S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
2S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
2S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
2S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
2S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
2S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
2S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
1S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
1S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
1S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
1S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
1S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
1S.FNDYfoundrya building or works where metal casting is carried out
1S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
1S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
1S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
1S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
1S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
1S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
1S.ZNFfree trade zonean area, usually a section of a port, where goods may be received and shipped free of customs duty and of most customs regulations
1S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
3.478 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
2.602T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
877T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
237T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
214T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
207T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
204T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
178T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
67T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
63T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
54T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
43T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
23T.LAVAlava areaan area of solidified lava
22T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
20T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
16T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
14T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
13T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
13T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
10T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
8T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
7T.BDLDbadlandsan area characterized by a maze of very closely spaced, deep, narrow, steep-sided ravines, and sharp crests and pinnacles
7T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
6T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
4T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
3T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
3T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
3T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
2T.BUTEbutte(s)a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides
2T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
2T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
1T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
1T.PENXsection of peninsula
1T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
1T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
1T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
1T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
4.931 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
1.222V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
25V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
21V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
6V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
1V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
1V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
1.276 Total for V

Countries » Syria »
Administrative Division
Feature Statistic
Largest Cities
Highest Mountains
Other Country Names