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Feature Statistic Italy

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
7.981A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
176A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
110A.ADM5fifth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a fourth-order administrative division
107A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
35A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
20A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
4A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
4A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
1A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.PCLHhistorical political entitya former political entity
8.440 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
2.089H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
277H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
261H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
95H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
72H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
61H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
43H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
42H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
32H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
29H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
24H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
23H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
22H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
16H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
16H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
13H.CNLIirrigation canala canal which serves as a main conduit for irrigation water
12H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
10H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
9H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
8H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
8H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
7H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
7H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
6H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
6H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
5H.STMIintermittent stream
5H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
5H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
5H.STMXsection of stream
5H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
4H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
4H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
3H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
3H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
3H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
3H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
2H.HBRXsection of harbor
2H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
1H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
1H.PNDNsalt ponda small standing body of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
1H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
1H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
1H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
1H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
1H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
1H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
3.248 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
1.018L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
169L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
136L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
79L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
63L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
21L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
15L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
11L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
7L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
5L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
3L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
3L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
3L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
2L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
2L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
2L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
2L.NVBnaval basean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for troops and naval personnel, a port for naval vessels, and from which operations are initiated
1L.CMNcommona park or pasture for community use
1L.GVLgravel areaan area covered with gravel
1L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
1L.BTLbattlefielda site of a land battle of historical importance
1L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
1L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
1.547 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
49.751P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
8.269P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
3.380P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
436P.PPLXsection of populated place
89P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
19P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
19P.PPLQabandoned populated place
8P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
6P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
3P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
3P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
2P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
61.987 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
35R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
15R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
8R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
7R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
4R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
4R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
3R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
2R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
1R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
81 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
16.625S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
2.179S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
1.485S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
1.138S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
939S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
662S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
371S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
355S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
330S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
311S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
298S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
294S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
292S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
291S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
269S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
229S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
190S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
172S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
142S.HUThuta small primitive house
134S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
128S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
126S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
108S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
89S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
82S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
70S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
67S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
57S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
56S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
55S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
49S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
43S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
39S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
35S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
34S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
31S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
28S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
27S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
26S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
26S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
24S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
24S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
22S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
21S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
21S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
20S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
20S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
19S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
18S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
18S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
17S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
17S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
15S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
15S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
14S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
14S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
14S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
14S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
13S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
13S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
12S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
12S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
11S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
11S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
11S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
10S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
9S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
8S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
7S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
7S.AIRQabandoned airfield
7S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
7S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
7S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
6S.PRKGTpark gatea controlled access to a park
6S.FRMQabandoned farm
6S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
6S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
6S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
5S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
5S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
5S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
5S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
5S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
5S.STNIinspection stationa station at which vehicles, goods, and people are inspected
5S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
5S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
4S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
4S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
4S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
4S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
3S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
3S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
3S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
3S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
3S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
3S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
3S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
2S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
2S.BURburial cave(s)a cave used for human burials
2S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
2S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
2S.MFGMmunitions planta factory where ammunition is made
2S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
2S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
2S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
2S.GRVEgravea burial site
2S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
2S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
2S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
2S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
2S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
2S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
2S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
1S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
1S.CMPQabandoned camp
1S.RSGNLrailroad signala signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains
1S.MNCRchrome mine(s)a mine where chrome ore is extracted
1S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
1S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
1S.TWOtemp work officeTemporary Work Offices
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.HUTShutssmall primitive houses
1S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
1S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
1S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
1S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
1S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
1S.STNEexperiment stationa facility for carrying out experiments
1S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
1S.DAMQruined dama destroyed or decayed dam which is no longer functional
1S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
1S.TNKDcattle dipping tanka small artificial pond used for immersing cattle in chemically treated water for disease control
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.OBSRradio observatorya facility equipped with an array of antennae for receiving radio waves from space
1S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
1S.CMPLlogging campa camp used by loggers
1S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
1S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
28.524 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
2.897T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
2.397T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
852T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
666T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
582T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
399T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
225T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
216T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
122T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
92T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
48T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
45T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
34T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
19T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
18T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
16T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
14T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
11T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
9T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
8T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
7T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
5T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
5T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
4T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
4T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
4T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
3T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
3T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
3T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
2T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
2T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
2T.LAVAlava areaan area of solidified lava
2T.BNCHbencha long, narrow bedrock platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
2T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
2T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
2T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
1T.CRQcirquea bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
1T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
1T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
8.726 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.PKSUpeaksprominent elevations, part of a larger feature, either pointed or of very limited extent across the summit
1U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
2 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
1.000V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
17V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
4V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
3V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
2V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
1V.GRVOolive grovea planting of olive trees
1.027 Total for V
113.582

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