GeoNames Home | Postal Codes | Download / Webservice | About 

Countries » Germany »

Feature Statistic Germany

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
11.091A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
593A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
409A.ADM4Hhistorical fourth-order administrative divisiona former fourth-order administrative division
402A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
31A.ADM5fifth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a fourth-order administrative division
19A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
16A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
15A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
3A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
3A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
2A.PCLHhistorical political entitya former political entity
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
12.585 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
7.536H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
2.500H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
746H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
495H.MOORmoor(s)an area of open ground overlaid with wet peaty soils
494H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
431H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
339H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
189H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
167H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
108H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
94H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
81H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
79H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
73H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
72H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
69H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
40H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
38H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
36H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
32H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
21H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
19H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
19H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
19H.STMXsection of stream
16H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
15H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
10H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
9H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
8H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
7H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
7H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
6H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
6H.LKXsection of lake
6H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
4H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
4H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
3H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
3H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
2H.CNLXsection of canal
2H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
2H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
2H.PNDSpondssmall standing waterbodies
2H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
2H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
1H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
1H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
1H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
1H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
1H.LKIintermittent lake
1H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
1H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
1H.STMIintermittent stream
1H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.TNLCcanal tunnela tunnel through which a canal passes
1H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
13.825 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
1.528L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
531L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
152L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
123L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
83L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
53L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
20L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
20L.MVAmaneuver areaa tract of land where military field exercises are carried out
17L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
9L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
8L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
4L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
4L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
3L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
2L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
1L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
1L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
1L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
2.563 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
66.447P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
7.068P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
2.719P.PPLXsection of populated place
2.236P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
320P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
43P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
33P.PPLQabandoned populated place
27P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
16P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
15P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
3P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
3P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
2P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
78.934 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
45R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
28R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
9R.TNLRDroad tunnela tunnel through which a road passes
7R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
5R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
5R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
4R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
2R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
1R.CSWYcausewaya raised roadway across wet ground or shallow water
1R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
108 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
28.988S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
7.132S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
1.553S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
1.465S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
780S.HUThuta small primitive house
690S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
651S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
646S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
481S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
355S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
352S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
212S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
166S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
164S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
145S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
106S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
98S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
72S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
66S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
62S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
57S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
56S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
45S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
45S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
42S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
41S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
39S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
36S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
34S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
34S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
33S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
32S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
29S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
27S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
26S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
24S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
24S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
21S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
20S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
20S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
19S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
19S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
18S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
17S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
17S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
17S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
16S.MNQabandoned mine
16S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
16S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
14S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
14S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
13S.AIRQabandoned airfield
12S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
12S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
12S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
12S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
11S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
11S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
11S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
11S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
11S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
11S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
10S.FRMQabandoned farm
10S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
9S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
9S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
9S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
9S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
9S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
8S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
8S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
7S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
7S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
6S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
6S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
6S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
6S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
6S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
6S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
6S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
6S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
5S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
5S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
5S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
5S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
5S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
5S.WEIRweir(s)a small dam in a stream, designed to raise the water level or to divert stream flow through a desired channel
4S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
4S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
4S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
4S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
4S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
4S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
4S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
4S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
4S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
4S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
3S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
3S.GRVEgravea burial site
3S.HSPDdispensarya building where medical or dental aid is dispensed
3S.MFGQabandoned factory
3S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
3S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
2S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
2S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
2S.FNDYfoundrya building or works where metal casting is carried out
2S.HUTShutssmall primitive houses
2S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
2S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
2S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
2S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
2S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
2S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
1S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
1S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
1S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
1S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
1S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
1S.CMPRFrefugee campa camp used by refugees
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
1S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
1S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
1S.ESTXsection of estate
1S.HLThalting placea place where caravans stop for rest
1S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
1S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
1S.OBSRradio observatorya facility equipped with an array of antennae for receiving radio waves from space
1S.PPQabandoned police post
1S.PRKGTpark gatea controlled access to a park
1S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
1S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
1S.RLGRretreata place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups
1S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
1S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
1S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
1S.STNIinspection stationa station at which vehicles, goods, and people are inspected
1S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
1S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
1S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
1S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
1S.WRCKwreckthe site of the remains of a wrecked vessel
45.468 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
18.157T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
3.511T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
760T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
585T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
474T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
471T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
254T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
214T.PLDRpolderan area reclaimed from the sea by diking and draining
156T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
148T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
146T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
131T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
122T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
38T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
35T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
23T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
19T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
18T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
15T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
15T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
11T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
11T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
11T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
10T.CRQcirquea bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
8T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
7T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
6T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
5T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
5T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
5T.ISLXsection of island
5T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
3T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
3T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
3T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
3T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
3T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
2T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
2T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
2T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
1T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
1T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
1T.RKFLrockfallan irregular mass of fallen rock at the base of a cliff or steep slope
1T.SINKsinkholea small crater-shape depression in a karst area
1T.VALSvalleyselongated depressions usually traversed by a stream
1T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
25.404 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.RDGUridgea long narrow elevation with steep sides
1 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
6.514V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
384V.HTHheathan upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather
13V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
13V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
4V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
6.929 Total for V

Countries » Germany »
Administrative Division
Feature Statistic
Largest Cities
Highest Mountains
Other Country Names
Postal codes