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Feature Statistic China

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
8.901A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
2.900A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
359A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
31A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
21A.ADM4Hhistorical fourth-order administrative divisiona former fourth-order administrative division
2A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
12.216 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3.565H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
3.460H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1.162H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
271H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
242H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
223H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
163H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
151H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
99H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
94H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
69H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
68H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
55H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
39H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
35H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
35H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
33H.STMXsection of stream
25H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
25H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
23H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
21H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
17H.LKXsection of lake
16H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
15H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
11H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
9H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
9H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
8H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
8H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
7H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
7H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
7H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
7H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
6H.CNLXsection of canal
6H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
5H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
5H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
5H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
5H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
4H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
4H.STMIintermittent stream
3H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
3H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
3H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
2H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
2H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
2H.CUTFcutoffa channel formed as a result of a stream cutting through a meander neck
2H.DTCHMditch mouth(s)an area where a drainage ditch enters a lagoon, lake or bay
2H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
1H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
1H.CNLQabandoned canal
1H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
1H.LKIintermittent lake
1H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
1H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
1H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
1H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
10.048 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
10.631L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
205L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
89L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
34L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
20L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
8L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
6L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
5L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
3L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
3L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
3L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
2L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
2L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
2L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
1L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
1L.BTLbattlefielda site of a land battle of historical importance
1L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
1L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
1L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
11.019 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
573.480P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
12.207P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
7.520P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1.786P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
121P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
38P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
30P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
28P.PPLXsection of populated place
8P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
7P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
5P.PPLQabandoned populated place
2P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
595.234 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
58R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
48R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
46R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
16R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
4R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
3R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
177 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
7.945S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
828S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
529S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
294S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
239S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
201S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
183S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
171S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
153S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
89S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
82S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
66S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
64S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
64S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
49S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
46S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
43S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
43S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
41S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
36S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
32S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
30S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
30S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
29S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
26S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
25S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
25S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
20S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
20S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
17S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
16S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
15S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
15S.PGDApagodaa tower-like storied structure, usually a Buddhist shrine
14S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
14S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
13S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
12S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
12S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
11S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
11S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
10S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
9S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
9S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
8S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
8S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
8S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
8S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
7S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
7S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
6S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
6S.ESTTtea plantationan estate which specializes in growing tea bushes
6S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
6S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
6S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
6S.STNIinspection stationa station at which vehicles, goods, and people are inspected
6S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
6S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
5S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
5S.AIRQabandoned airfield
5S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
5S.MFGSGsugar refinerya facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar
5S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
5S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
5S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
4S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
4S.GRVEgravea burial site
4S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
4S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
4S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
4S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
4S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
4S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
4S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
3S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
3S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
3S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
3S.MFGPHphosphate worksa facility for producing fertilizer
3S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
3S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
3S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
3S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
3S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
3S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
3S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
3S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
2S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
2S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
2S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
2S.MFGCUcopper worksa facility for processing copper ore
2S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
2S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
1S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1S.BTYDboatyarda waterside facility for servicing, repairing, and building small vessels
1S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
1S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
1S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
1S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
1S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
1S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1S.MLMore treatment planta facility for improving the metal content of ore by concentration
1S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
1S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
1S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
1S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
1S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
1S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
1S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
11.819 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
2.843T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
1.794T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
857T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
649T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
443T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
347T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
340T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
158T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
66T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
29T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
28T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
25T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
23T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
16T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
15T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
14T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
14T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
14T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
12T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
10T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
8T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
7T.ATOLatoll(s)a ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon
7T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
6T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
4T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
3T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
2T.FANfan(s)a fan-shaped wedge of coarse alluvium with apex merging with a mountain stream bed and the fan spreading out at a low angle slope onto an adjacent plain
2T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
2T.ISLXsection of island
1T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.LEVleveea natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods
1T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
1T.PTSpointstapering pieces of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
1T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
1T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
1T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
1T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
7.748 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
7U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
2U.BKSUbankselevations, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
2U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1U.BSNUbasina depression more or less equidimensional in plan and of variable extent
1U.KNLUknollan elevation rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
1U.SMUseamountan elevation rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
1U.TRNUtrencha long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea floor, with relatively steep sides
15 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
19V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
4V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
2V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
1V.GRVPNpine grovea planting of pine trees
27 Total for V

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