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Feature Statistic Portugal

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
4,260A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
308A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
20A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
16A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
4,606 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3,807H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
130H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
77H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
60H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
56H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
38H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
35H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
22H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
20H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
18H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
13H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
12H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
11H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
7H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
6H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
6H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
6H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
5H.STMIintermittent stream
5H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
4H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
4H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
3H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
3H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
3H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
3H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
3H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
2H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
2H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
2H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
2H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
2H.STMXsection of stream
2H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
2H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
1H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
1H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
1H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
1H.LGNSlagoonsshallow coastal waterbodies, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
1H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
4,378 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
455L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
52L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
40L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
10L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
6L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
5L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
4L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
4L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
2L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.NVBnaval basean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for troops and naval personnel, a port for naval vessels, and from which operations are initiated
1L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
1L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
1L.RESPpalm tree reservean area of palm trees where use is controlled
583 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
16,244P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
228P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
57P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
38P.PPLXsection of populated place
19P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
10P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
3P.PPLQabandoned populated place
3P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
2P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
1P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
16,607 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
32R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
9R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
8R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
2R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
1R.RRQabandoned railroad
1R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
53 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
3,519S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
635S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
504S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
352S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
281S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
206S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
138S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
129S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
128S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
127S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
114S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
113S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
105S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
88S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
87S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
77S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
76S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
75S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
74S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
71S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
57S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
41S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
39S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
38S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
36S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
34S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
34S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
30S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
27S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
27S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
23S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
22S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
21S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
21S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
21S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
20S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
19S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
15S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
11S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
11S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
11S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
9S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
9S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
8S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
8S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
7S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
6S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
6S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
5S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
5S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
4S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
4S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
4S.PRKGTpark gatea controlled access to a park
3S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
3S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
3S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
3S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
3S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
3S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
3S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
3S.RLGRretreata place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups
3S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
3S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
2S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
2S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
2S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
2S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
2S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
2S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
2S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
2S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
2S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
2S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
2S.AIRQabandoned airfield
2S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
2S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
2S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
2S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
2S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
2S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
2S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
2S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
2S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
1S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
1S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
1S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
1S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
1S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
1S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
1S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
1S.DAMQruined dama destroyed or decayed dam which is no longer functional
1S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
1S.HSPDdispensarya building where medical or dental aid is dispensed
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
1S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1S.FYTferry terminala place where ferries pick-up and discharge passengers, vehicles and or cargo
1S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
1S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
1S.MNQabandoned mine
1S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
1S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
1S.BTYDboatyarda waterside facility for servicing, repairing, and building small vessels
7,629 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
801T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
667T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
630T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
387T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
106T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
101T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
87T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
65T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
62T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
40T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
36T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
29T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
27T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
13T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
12T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
12T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
10T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
9T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
8T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
7T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
6T.CLDAcalderaa depression measuring kilometers across formed by the collapse of a volcanic mountain
5T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
5T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
3T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
3T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
2T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
2T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
2T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
1T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
1T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
1T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
3,142 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
4U.RFUreefa surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
2U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
6 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
292V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
81V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
373 Total for V

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