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Feature Statistic Latvia

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
587A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
80A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
43A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
711 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
584H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
474H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
83H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
60H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
45H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
24H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
14H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
14H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
13H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
9H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
8H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
7H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
5H.LKXsection of lake
3H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
3H.MOORmoor(s)an area of open ground overlaid with wet peaty soils
2H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
2H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
2H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
2H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
1H.PNDSpondssmall standing waterbodies
1H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
1H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
1H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
1,359 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
127L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
9L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
4L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
4L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
3L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
2L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
149 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
3,840P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
106P.PPLXsection of populated place
46P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
43P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
38P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
38P.PPLQabandoned populated place
3P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
4,116 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
1R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
1R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
3 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
2,284S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
334S.FRMQabandoned farm
198S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
191S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
103S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
63S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
31S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
18S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
16S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
15S.AIRQabandoned airfield
13S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
10S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
10S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
8S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
8S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
7S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
7S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
5S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
4S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
4S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
4S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
4S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
4S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
4S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
4S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
3S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
3S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
3S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
3S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
2S.FNDYfoundrya building or works where metal casting is carried out
2S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
2S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
1S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
1S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
1S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
1S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
1S.GRVEgravea burial site
1S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
1S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
1S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
1S.MFGLMlimekilna furnace in which limestone is reduced to lime
1S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
1S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
1S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
1S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
1S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
1S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
1S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
1S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
1S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
1S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
3,387 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
38T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
27T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
6T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
6T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
5T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
4T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
3T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
1T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
1T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
1T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
1T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
1T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
1T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
1T.ISLXsection of island
97 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
67V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
4V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
1V.HTHheathan upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather
72 Total for V

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