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Feature Statistic Kazakhstan

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
275A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
62A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
23A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
21A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
2A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.LTERleased areaa tract of land leased to another country, usually for military installations
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
385 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
5,326H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
3,606H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
2,052H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
2,007H.STMIintermittent stream
1,245H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
806H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
773H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
567H.LKNIintermittent salt lake
509H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
462H.LKIintermittent lake
461H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
437H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
434H.WLLQabandoned well
186H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
167H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
73H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
71H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
68H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
39H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
26H.LKOIintermittent oxbow lake
25H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
20H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
14H.RSVIintermittent reservoir
14H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
10H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
10H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
9H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
9H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
8H.STMXsection of stream
8H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
5H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
5H.CNLQabandoned canal
5H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
5H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
4H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
3H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
3H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
2H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
2H.PNDIintermittent pond
1H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
1H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
1H.CNLXsection of canal
1H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
1H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
1H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
1H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.SBKHsabkha(s)a salt flat or salt encrusted plain subject to periodic inundation from flooding or high tides
1H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
1H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
19,487 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
5,486L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
276L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
44L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
9L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
7L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
6L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
5L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
5L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
3L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
3L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
3L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
2L.COLFcoalfielda region in which coal deposits of possible economic value occur
2L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
1L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
5,852 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
13,209P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
87P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
73P.PPLXsection of populated place
65P.PPLQabandoned populated place
28P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
20P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
14P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
2P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
2P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
13,502 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
109R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
63R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
7R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
2R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
2R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
183 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
8,664S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
2,277S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
2,188S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
1,802S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
1,699S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
878S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
829S.GRVEgravea burial site
644S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
259S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
154S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
132S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
101S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
74S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
65S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
58S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
47S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
40S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
40S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
33S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
32S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
31S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
31S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
26S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
17S.AIRQabandoned airfield
17S.CMPLlogging campa camp used by loggers
15S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
14S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
13S.OILWoil wella well from which oil may be pumped
13S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
12S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
12S.FRMQabandoned farm
12S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
12S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
11S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
9S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
8S.HUThuta small primitive house
7S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
7S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
7S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
7S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
6S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
6S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
5S.RSGNLrailroad signala signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains
5S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
4S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
4S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
4S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
4S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
3S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
3S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
3S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
3S.MNQabandoned mine
2S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
2S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
2S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
2S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
2S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
2S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
2S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
2S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
2S.CMPQabandoned camp
2S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
2S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
2S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
1S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
1S.MLMore treatment planta facility for improving the metal content of ore by concentration
1S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
1S.CTRSspace centera facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles
1S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
1S.CMPOoil campa camp used by oilfield workers
1S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
1S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
1S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
1S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
20,382 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
3,739T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1,521T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
766T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
654T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
464T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
228T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
199T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
180T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
174T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
171T.ERGsandy desertan extensive tract of shifting sand and sand dunes
120T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
55T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
46T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
36T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
35T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
35T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
34T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
29T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
25T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
24T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
23T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
14T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
14T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
12T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
12T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
8T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
7T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
7T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
6T.BUTEbutte(s)a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides
6T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
4T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
4T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
3T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
3T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
2T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
1T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
8,662 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
2U.FURUfurrowa closed, linear, narrow, shallow depression
2 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
30V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
12V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
3V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
3V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
1V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
1V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
50 Total for V

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