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Feature Statistic Japan

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
1,190A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
1,133A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1,101A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
682A.ADM4Hhistorical fourth-order administrative divisiona former fourth-order administrative division
214A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
182A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
138A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
47A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
8A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
4,697 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
5,672H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
638H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
448H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
350H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
278H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
273H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
188H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
177H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
153H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
119H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
116H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
105H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
98H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
88H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
84H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
62H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
50H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
40H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
30H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
30H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
24H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
22H.STMXsection of stream
17H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
16H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
13H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
13H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
11H.STMIintermittent stream
7H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
6H.HBRXsection of harbor
6H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
6H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
4H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
4H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
4H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
3H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
3H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
2H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
2H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
2H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
2H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
1H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
1H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
1H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
1H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
1H.CNLXsection of canal
1H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
1H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
9,173 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
453L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
262L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
115L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
83L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
82L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
28L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
21L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
13L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
10L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
6L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
6L.MVAmaneuver areaa tract of land where military field exercises are carried out
5L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
4L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
3L.COLFcoalfielda region in which coal deposits of possible economic value occur
2L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
2L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
2L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
2L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
1L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
1L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
1L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
1,104 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
31,313P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
12,477P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
5,664P.PPLXsection of populated place
752P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
46P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
25P.PPLQabandoned populated place
11P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
8P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
50,301 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
400R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
33R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
30R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
9R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
8R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
2R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
1R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
483 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
9,190S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
2,982S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
2,025S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
1,443S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
1,357S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
940S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
548S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
527S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
388S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
357S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
325S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
259S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
244S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
141S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
131S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
103S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
96S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
84S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
83S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
80S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
79S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
68S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
64S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
54S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
54S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
52S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
48S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
47S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
46S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
43S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
41S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
39S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
32S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
32S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
31S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
30S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
29S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
28S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
27S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
23S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
20S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
20S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
18S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
16S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
16S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
16S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
15S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
14S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
14S.PRNJreformatorya facility for confining, training, and reforming young law offenders
13S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
13S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
13S.HUThuta small primitive house
13S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
13S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
12S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
12S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
11S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
11S.GRVEgravea burial site
9S.MNQabandoned mine
9S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
8S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
7S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
7S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
7S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
7S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
6S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
6S.STNCcoast guard stationa facility from which the coast is guarded by armed vessels
6S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
6S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
5S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
5S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
5S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
5S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
5S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
4S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
4S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
4S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
4S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
4S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
3S.RSGNLrailroad signala signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains
3S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
3S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
3S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
3S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
3S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
3S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
3S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
2S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
2S.FYTferry terminala place where ferries pick-up and discharge passengers, vehicles and or cargo
2S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
2S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
1S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
1S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
1S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
1S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
1S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
1S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.SYGsynagoguea place for Jewish worship and religious instruction
1S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
1S.CTRSspace centera facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles
1S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
1S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
1S.AIRQabandoned airfield
1S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
1S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
1S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
1S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
1S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
1S.PGDApagodaa tower-like storied structure, usually a Buddhist shrine
1S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
22,609 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
4,341T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
2,242T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
1,790T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
859T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
822T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
712T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
456T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
242T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
200T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
131T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
101T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
85T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
65T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
55T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
50T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
50T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
46T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
33T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
32T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
18T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
15T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
10T.ISLFartificial islandan island created by landfill or diking and filling in a wetland, bay, or lagoon
7T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
7T.ISLXsection of island
7T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
6T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
5T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
5T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
4T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
4T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
3T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
3T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
3T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
2T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
2T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
1T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.SLIDslidea mound of earth material, at the base of a slope and the associated scoured area
1T.CLDAcalderaa depression measuring kilometers across formed by the collapse of a volcanic mountain
1T.PLDRpolderan area reclaimed from the sea by diking and draining
1T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
1T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
1T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
12,420 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
12U.SMUseamountan elevation rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
3U.TRNUtrencha long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea floor, with relatively steep sides
1U.RDGUridgea long narrow elevation with steep sides
1U.HOLUholea small depression of the sea floor
1U.RDSUridgeslong narrow elevations with steep sides
1U.TRGUtrougha long depression of the sea floor characteristically flat bottomed and steep sided, and normally shallower than a trench
19 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
50V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
11V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
3V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
2V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
1V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1V.GROVEgrovea small wooded area or collection of trees growing closely together, occurring naturally or deliberately planted
68 Total for V

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