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Feature Statistic Italy

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
7.904A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
302A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
110A.ADM5fifth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a fourth-order administrative division
107A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
62A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
20A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
18A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
4A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
4A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
1A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLHhistorical political entitya former political entity
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
8.534 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
2.092H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
322H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
261H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
96H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
74H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
62H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
46H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
44H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
40H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
32H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
29H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
27H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
24H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
23H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
17H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
16H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
16H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
13H.CNLIirrigation canala canal which serves as a main conduit for irrigation water
12H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
10H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
9H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
9H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
8H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
7H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
7H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
7H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
7H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
6H.STMIintermittent stream
5H.STMXsection of stream
5H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
4H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
4H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
4H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
4H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
3H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
3H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
3H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
2H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
2H.HBRXsection of harbor
2H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
2H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
2H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
1H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
1H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
1H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
1H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
1H.BNKXsection of bank
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
1H.PNDNsalt ponda small standing body of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
1H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
1H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
1H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
3.377 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
1.128L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
243L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
194L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
80L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
71L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
38L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
28L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
19L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
7L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
5L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
5L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
4L.CMNcommona park or pasture for community use
4L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
3L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
3L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
3L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
2L.NVBnaval basean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for troops and naval personnel, a port for naval vessels, and from which operations are initiated
2L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
2L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
1L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
1L.BTLbattlefielda site of a land battle of historical importance
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
1L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
1.846 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
49.799P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
8.265P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
3.386P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
843P.PPLXsection of populated place
129P.PPLCHhistorical capital of a political entitya former capital of a political entity
90P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
35P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
26P.PPLQabandoned populated place
19P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
10P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
7P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
6P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
3P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
1P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
62.620 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
37R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
36R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
17R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
9R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
9R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
7R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
4R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
4R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
3R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
3R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
131 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
16.627S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
3.019S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
1.738S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
1.242S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
1.222S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
861S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
735S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
541S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
389S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
367S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
360S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
343S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
334S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
330S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
319S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
266S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
206S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
190S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
184S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
174S.HUThuta small primitive house
172S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
163S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
158S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
99S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
95S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
91S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
81S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
78S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
77S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
77S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
67S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
64S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
63S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
56S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
55S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
55S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
46S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
45S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
40S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
38S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
35S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
35S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
32S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
31S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
30S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
29S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
29S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
26S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
25S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
24S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
22S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
21S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
20S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
19S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
19S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
18S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
17S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
16S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
15S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
15S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
15S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
15S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
13S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
13S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
13S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
12S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
12S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
12S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
12S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
12S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
11S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
11S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
11S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
11S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
9S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
9S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
9S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
8S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
7S.FRMQabandoned farm
7S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
7S.AIRQabandoned airfield
7S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
6S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
6S.PRKGTpark gatea controlled access to a park
5S.STNIinspection stationa station at which vehicles, goods, and people are inspected
5S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
5S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
5S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
4S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
4S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
4S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
4S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
4S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
4S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
4S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
4S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
3S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
3S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
3S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
3S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
3S.MFGMmunitions planta factory where ammunition is made
3S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
3S.RLGRretreata place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups
3S.BURburial cave(s)a cave used for human burials
3S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
3S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
2S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
2S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
2S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
2S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
2S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
2S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
2S.ARTpiece of arta piece of art, like a sculpture, painting. In contrast to monument (MNMT) it is not commemorative.
2S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
2S.GRVEgravea burial site
2S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
2S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
2S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
1S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
1S.DAMQruined dama destroyed or decayed dam which is no longer functional
1S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
1S.CMPLlogging campa camp used by loggers
1S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
1S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
1S.HUTShutssmall primitive houses
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.BLDAapartment buildinga building containing several individual apartments
1S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
1S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
1S.MNCRchrome mine(s)a mine where chrome ore is extracted
1S.BDGQruined bridgea destroyed or decayed bridge which is no longer functional
1S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
1S.MSSNQabandoned mission
1S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
1S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
1S.OBSRradio observatorya facility equipped with an array of antennae for receiving radio waves from space
1S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
1S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.ARCHVarchivea place or institution where documents are preserved
1S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
1S.RSGNLrailroad signala signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
1S.TNKDcattle dipping tanka small artificial pond used for immersing cattle in chemically treated water for disease control
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.TWOtemp work officeTemporary Work Offices
1S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
1S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
1S.CMPQabandoned camp
1S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
31.936 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
3.081T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
2.526T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
1.093T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
673T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
608T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
401T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
246T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
217T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
123T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
94T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
51T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
46T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
37T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
25T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
21T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
20T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
14T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
13T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
11T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
9T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
8T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
7T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
7T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
6T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
5T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
5T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
5T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
4T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
4T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
2T.LAVAlava areaan area of solidified lava
2T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
2T.BNCHbencha long, narrow bedrock platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
2T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
2T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
2T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
2T.FSRfissurea crack associated with volcanism
2T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
2T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
2T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.CRQcirquea bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
1T.TRRterracea long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
1T.BLDRboulder fielda high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks
1T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.CLDAcalderaa depression measuring kilometers across formed by the collapse of a volcanic mountain
9.386 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
2U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
1U.PKSUpeaksprominent elevations, part of a larger feature, either pointed or of very limited extent across the summit
3 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
1.675V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
19V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
7V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
4V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
3V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
1V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
1V.TUNDtundraa marshy, treeless, high latitude plain, dominated by mosses, lichens, and low shrub vegetation under permafrost conditions
1V.GROVEgrovea small wooded area or collection of trees growing closely together, occurring naturally or deliberately planted
1.711 Total for V

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