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Feature Statistic Finland

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
295A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
85A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
66A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
44A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
18A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
8A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
2A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
1A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
521 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
5,210H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
1,434H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
536H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
524H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
255H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
203H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
201H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
191H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
158H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
151H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
150H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
148H.LKXsection of lake
147H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
146H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
143H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
78H.MOORmoor(s)an area of open ground overlaid with wet peaty soils
76H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
51H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
45H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
45H.STMXsection of stream
45H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
37H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
20H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
20H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
11H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
7H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
6H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
5H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
4H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
3H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
3H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
3H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
3H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
3H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
3H.BAYSbayscoastal indentations between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
3H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
2H.CAPGicecapa dome-shaped mass of glacial ice covering an area of mountain summits or other high lands; smaller than an ice sheet
2H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
2H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
2H.INLTQformer inletan inlet which has been filled in, or blocked by deposits
2H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
2H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
2H.LGNXsection of lagoon
2H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
1H.CUTFcutoffa channel formed as a result of a stream cutting through a meander neck
1H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
1H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
1H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
1H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
10,089 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
188L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
65L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
31L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
24L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
23L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
17L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
11L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
11L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
5L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
4L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
3L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
3L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
2L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
2L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
2L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
1L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
1L.MILBmilitary basea place used by an army or other armed service for storing arms and supplies, and for accommodating and training troops, a base from which operations can be initiated
1L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
1L.NVBnaval basean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for troops and naval personnel, a port for naval vessels, and from which operations are initiated
399 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
13,323P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
1,110P.PPLXsection of populated place
341P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
122P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
22P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
17P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
6P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
4P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLQabandoned populated place
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
14,947 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
25R.RRQabandoned railroad
10R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
6R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
3R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
3R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.RDBroad benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a road
1R.RDCUTroad cutan excavation cut through a hill or ridge for a road
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
51 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
9,076S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
2,111S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
670S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
428S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
176S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
134S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
48S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
43S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
39S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
35S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
34S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
26S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
17S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
15S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
14S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
13S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
13S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
11S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
9S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
9S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
8S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
7S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
7S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
6S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
6S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
6S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
5S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
5S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
5S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
5S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
4S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
4S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
4S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
4S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
4S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
3S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
3S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
3S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
3S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
3S.AIRQabandoned airfield
3S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
3S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
2S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
2S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
2S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
2S.FRMQabandoned farm
2S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
2S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
2S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
2S.GRVEgravea burial site
2S.HUThuta small primitive house
2S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
2S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
2S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
2S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
2S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
2S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
1S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
1S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
1S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
1S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
1S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
1S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
1S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
1S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
1S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
1S.PRKHQpark headquartersa park administrative facility
1S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
1S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
1S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
1S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
1S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
1S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.HSPDdispensarya building where medical or dental aid is dispensed
13,076 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
43,510T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
2,460T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
1,801T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
612T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
577T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
416T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
348T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
317T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
233T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
215T.ISLXsection of island
87T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
87T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
34T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
32T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
23T.PENXsection of peninsula
19T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
19T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
15T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
15T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
13T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
9T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
6T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
5T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
5T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
4T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
4T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
4T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
2T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
2T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
2T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
1T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
1T.HMDArock deserta relatively sand-free, high bedrock plateau in a hot desert, with or without a gravel veneer
1T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
1T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
1T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
1T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
50,885 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
3U.SCNUseachannela continuously sloping, elongated depression commonly found in fans or plains and customarily bordered by levees on one or two sides
2U.SCSUseachannelscontinuously sloping, elongated depressions commonly found in fans or plains and customarily bordered by levees on one or two sides
5 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
213V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
133V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
7V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
3V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
1V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
1V.FRSTFfossilized foresta forest fossilized by geologic processes and now exposed at the earth's surface
1V.HTHheathan upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather
359 Total for V

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