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Feature Statistic Finland

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
295A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
101A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
67A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
28A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
18A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
5A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
2A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
518 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
5.012H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
1.324H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
520H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
504H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
201H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
181H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
174H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
162H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
155H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
155H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
147H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
146H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
146H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
143H.LKXsection of lake
65H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
48H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
47H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
46H.MOORmoor(s)an area of open ground overlaid with wet peaty soils
41H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
38H.STMXsection of stream
36H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
25H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
19H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
8H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
7H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
6H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
6H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
4H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
3H.BAYSbayscoastal indentations between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
3H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
3H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
3H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
2H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
2H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
2H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
2H.INLTQformer inletan inlet which has been filled in, or blocked by deposits
2H.STMIXsection of intermittent stream
2H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
2H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
2H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
1H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
1H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
1H.LGNXsection of lagoon
1H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
1H.CUTFcutoffa channel formed as a result of a stream cutting through a meander neck
1H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
1H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
9.403 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
90L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
64L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
23L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
21L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
18L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
11L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
10L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
9L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
5L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
3L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
3L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
3L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
2L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
2L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
2L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
1L.MILBmilitary basea place used by an army or other armed service for storing arms and supplies, and for accommodating and training troops, a base from which operations can be initiated
1L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
1L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
272 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
13.093P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
1.089P.PPLXsection of populated place
342P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
123P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
20P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
17P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
5P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
4P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
14.694 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
25R.RRQabandoned railroad
10R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
5R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
3R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.RDBroad benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a road
2R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
48 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
9.225S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
709S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
675S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
428S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
177S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
144S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
48S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
43S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
39S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
34S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
28S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
24S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
16S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
15S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
14S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
13S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
11S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
11S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
9S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
7S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
6S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
6S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
6S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
5S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
5S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
5S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
4S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
4S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
4S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
4S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
3S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
3S.AIRQabandoned airfield
3S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
3S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
3S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
3S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
3S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
3S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
2S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
2S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
2S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
2S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
2S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
2S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
2S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
2S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
2S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
2S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
2S.FRMQabandoned farm
2S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
2S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.PRKHQpark headquartersa park administrative facility
1S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
1S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
1S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
1S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
1S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
1S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
1S.HUThuta small primitive house
1S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
1S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
1S.HSPDdispensarya building where medical or dental aid is dispensed
1S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
1S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
1S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
1S.GRVEgravea burial site
1S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
1S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
1S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
11.794 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
43.349T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
2.495T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
1.383T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
686T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
559T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
440T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
395T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
316T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
222T.ISLXsection of island
87T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
85T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
74T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
31T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
30T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
24T.PENXsection of peninsula
19T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
15T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
13T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
12T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
6T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
6T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
6T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
5T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
4T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
4T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
4T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
3T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
2T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
2T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
1T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
1T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.BLDRboulder fielda high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks
1T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
1T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
50.284 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
131V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
131V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
3V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
1V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
1V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
1V.FRSTFfossilized foresta forest fossilized by geologic processes and now exposed at the earth's surface
268 Total for V

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