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Feature Statistic Ecuador

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
1,037A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
221A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
24A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
3A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1,286 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3,759H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
441H.STMIintermittent stream
112H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
58H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
45H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
39H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
28H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
22H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
21H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
13H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
10H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
9H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
9H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
8H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
8H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
7H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
7H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
7H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
6H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
6H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
6H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
6H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
5H.PNDIintermittent pond
4H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
3H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
2H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
2H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
2H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
2H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
1H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
1H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
1H.STMXsection of stream
1H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
1H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
1H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
1H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
1H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
4,658 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
423L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
33L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
27L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
20L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
14L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
12L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
5L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
5L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
3L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
2L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
1L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
548 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
7,395P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
102P.PPLXsection of populated place
23P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
6P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
4P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
4P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
1P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
7,536 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
2R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
1R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
1R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
1R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
1R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
6 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
370S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
186S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
136S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
96S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
49S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
38S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
32S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
23S.AIRQabandoned airfield
14S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
14S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
9S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
8S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
7S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
5S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
5S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
4S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
4S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
4S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
4S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
4S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
3S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
3S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
3S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
3S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
2S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
2S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
2S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
2S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
2S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
2S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
2S.OILWoil wella well from which oil may be pumped
2S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
2S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
2S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
1S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
1S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
1S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
1S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
1S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
1S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
1S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
1S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
1S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
1S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
1S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
1S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
1S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.STNEexperiment stationa facility for carrying out experiments
1S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
1S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
1S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
1S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
1,070 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
738T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
196T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
165T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
161T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
121T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
30T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
23T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
22T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
21T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
20T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
18T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
14T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
11T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
9T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
9T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
6T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
4T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
4T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
4T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
3T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
2T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
2T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
1T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
1T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
1T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
1T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
1,588 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
4V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
4 Total for V

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