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Feature Statistic Chile

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
346A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
56A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
16A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
4A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.LTERleased areaa tract of land leased to another country, usually for military installations
1A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.PRSHparishan ecclesiastical district
426 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
5,638H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1,823H.STMIintermittent stream
926H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
646H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
639H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
563H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
473H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
454H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
184H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
149H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
90H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
89H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
87H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
82H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
76H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
67H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
58H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
39H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
31H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
24H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
19H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
17H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
17H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
17H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
12H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
10H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
10H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
10H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
9H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
9H.LKIintermittent lake
7H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
7H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
6H.LGNSlagoonsshallow coastal waterbodies, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
6H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
5H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
4H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
3H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
2H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
2H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
2H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
2H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
1H.OVFoverfallsan area of breaking waves caused by the meeting of currents or by waves moving against the current
1H.PNDIintermittent pond
1H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
1H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
1H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.STMXsection of stream
1H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
1H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
1H.CNLBcanal benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a canal
1H.CRNTcurrenta horizontal flow of water in a given direction with uniform velocity
1H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
1H.GYSRgeysera type of hot spring with intermittent eruptions of jets of hot water and steam
1H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
1H.CAPGicecapa dome-shaped mass of glacial ice covering an area of mountain summits or other high lands; smaller than an ice sheet
12,334 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
1,896L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
61L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
51L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
45L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
38L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
13L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
11L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
5L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
5L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
4L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
4L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
3L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
2L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
2L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
2,146 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
6,631P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
94P.PPLXsection of populated place
65P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
34P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
32P.PPLQabandoned populated place
15P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
15P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
4P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
2P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
6,894 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
8R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
8R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
4R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
3R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
2R.TNLRDroad tunnela tunnel through which a road passes
2R.RRQabandoned railroad
1R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
1R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
1R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
1R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
1R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
1R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
34 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
2,220S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1,762S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
1,468S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
530S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
414S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
317S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
227S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
207S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
203S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
190S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
133S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
70S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
64S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
60S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
44S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
37S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
34S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
32S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
30S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
30S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
29S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
26S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
23S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
22S.MNQabandoned mine
19S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
14S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
14S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
13S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
12S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
10S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
10S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
9S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
9S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
9S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
9S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
7S.SHPFsheepfolda fence or wall enclosure for sheep and other small herd animals
7S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
6S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
6S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
6S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
6S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
5S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
4S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
4S.RKRYrookerya breeding place of a colony of birds or seals
4S.CMPQabandoned camp
4S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
4S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
4S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
4S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
3S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
3S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
3S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
3S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
3S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
3S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
2S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
2S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
2S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
2S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
2S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
2S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
2S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
2S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
2S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
2S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
2S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
2S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
2S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
2S.TOLLtoll gate/barrierhighway toll collection station
2S.AIRQabandoned airfield
1S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
1S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
1S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
1S.STNWwhaling stationa facility for butchering whales and processing train oil
1S.ZNFfree trade zonean area, usually a section of a port, where goods may be received and shipped free of customs duty and of most customs regulations
1S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
1S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
1S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.UNIPuniversity prep schoolUniversity Preparation Schools & Institutions
1S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
1S.FRMQabandoned farm
1S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
1S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
1S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
1S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
1S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
1S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
1S.GRVEgravea burial site
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
1S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
1S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
1S.ESTXsection of estate
1S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
1S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
1S.PRKGTpark gatea controlled access to a park
1S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
8,453 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
5,311T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
2,713T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
2,076T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
1,760T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
797T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
565T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
529T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
474T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
291T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
277T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
230T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
127T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
117T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
94T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
81T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
76T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
69T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
63T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
39T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
34T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
25T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
23T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
11T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
8T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
8T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
8T.CUETcuesta(s)an asymmetric ridge formed on tilted strata
7T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
4T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
4T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
3T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
2T.NTKnunataka rock or mountain peak protruding through glacial ice
2T.ISLXsection of island
2T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
2T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
2T.VALXsection of valley
1T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
1T.PENXsection of peninsula
1T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
1T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
1T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
1T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
1T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
15,841 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
15V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
4V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
2V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
2V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
23 Total for V

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