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Feature Statistic Brazil

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
5,570A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
65A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
27A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
9A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
5,674 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
20,322H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
3,224H.STMIintermittent stream
1,845H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
1,287H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
426H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
241H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
223H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
139H.LKIintermittent lake
138H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
129H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
114H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
92H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
85H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
76H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
74H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
71H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
68H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
59H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
38H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
35H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
32H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
31H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
22H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
15H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
14H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
14H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
11H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
11H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
9H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
9H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
8H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
7H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
5H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
5H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
5H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
4H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
4H.STMXsection of stream
4H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
3H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
3H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
2H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
2H.RFCcoral reef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of coral
2H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
2H.CNLSBunderground irrigation canal(s)a gently inclined underground tunnel bringing water for irrigation from aquifers
2H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
1H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
1H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
1H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
1H.PNDSNsalt pondssmall standing bodies of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.MGVmangrove swampa tropical tidal mud flat characterized by mangrove vegetation
1H.LKSNsalt lakesinland bodies of salt water with no outlet
1H.RSVIintermittent reservoir
1H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
1H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
1H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
1H.CNLQabandoned canal
1H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
1H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.BAYSbayscoastal indentations between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
28,930 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
2,457L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
1,187L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
186L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
150L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
79L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
58L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
57L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
42L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
27L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
22L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
10L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
6L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
5L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
3L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
3L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
2L.CMNcommona park or pasture for community use
2L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
1L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
1L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
1L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
1L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
1L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
4,304 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
45,458P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
6,557P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
5,419P.PPLXsection of populated place
105P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
26P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
6P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
5P.PPLQabandoned populated place
4P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
3P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
2P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
1P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
57,588 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
11R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
11R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
7R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
3R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
3R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
3R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
2R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
2R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
2R.TNLRDroad tunnela tunnel through which a road passes
2R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
46 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
9,916S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
4,140S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
2,680S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
2,092S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
975S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
953S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
855S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
450S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
398S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
285S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
212S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
203S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
133S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
133S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
131S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
106S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
96S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
93S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
76S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
70S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
61S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
57S.RLGRretreata place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups
56S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
52S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
50S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
40S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
40S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
35S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
34S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
33S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
32S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
31S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
29S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
29S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
28S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
26S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
25S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
23S.AIRQabandoned airfield
20S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
19S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
16S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
15S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
14S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
13S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
13S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
13S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
12S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
12S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
11S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
11S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
10S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
10S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
10S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
10S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
9S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
9S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
9S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
9S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
8S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
8S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
8S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
8S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
7S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
7S.MFGQabandoned factory
7S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
7S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
6S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
6S.FNDYfoundrya building or works where metal casting is carried out
6S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
6S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
6S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
5S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
5S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
5S.ESTRrubber plantationan estate which specializes in growing and tapping rubber trees
5S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
5S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
5S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
4S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
4S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
4S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
4S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
4S.FRMQabandoned farm
3S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
3S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
3S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
3S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
3S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
3S.GRVEgravea burial site
3S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
3S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
2S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
2S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
2S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
2S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
2S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
2S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
2S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
2S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
2S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
2S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
2S.FYTferry terminala place where ferries pick-up and discharge passengers, vehicles and or cargo
2S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
2S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.BDGQruined bridgea destroyed or decayed bridge which is no longer functional
1S.CMPMNmining campa camp used by miners
1S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
1S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
1S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
1S.ESTXsection of estate
1S.HUThuta small primitive house
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
1S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
1S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
1S.MFGMmunitions planta factory where ammunition is made
1S.MFGSGsugar refinerya facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar
1S.BLDAapartment buildinga building containing several individual apartments
1S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
1S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
1S.MSSNQabandoned mission
1S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
1S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
1S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
1S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
1S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
1S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
1S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
25,143 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
2,076T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
1,824T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
873T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
843T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
745T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
664T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
586T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
476T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
407T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
196T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
121T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
86T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
77T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
35T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
35T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
18T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
14T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
13T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
13T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
12T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
9T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
7T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
6T.MESAmesa(s)a flat-topped, isolated elevation with steep slopes on all sides, less extensive than a plateau
6T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
5T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
4T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
4T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
3T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
3T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
2T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
2T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
2T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.HMCKhammock(s)a patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups
1T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
1T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
1T.VALSvalleyselongated depressions usually traversed by a stream
1T.ATOLatoll(s)a ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
1T.ISLFartificial islandan island created by landfill or diking and filling in a wetland, bay, or lagoon
1T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
9,177 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1U.RFUreefa surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
1U.TERUterracea relatively flat horizontal or gently inclined surface, sometimes long and narrow, which is bounded by a steeper ascending slope on one side and by a steep descending slope on the opposite side
3 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
32V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
1V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
33 Total for V

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