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Feature Statistic Peru

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
1,873A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
196A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
26A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
2A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
2,098 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
12,596H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
7,467H.STMIintermittent stream
3,480H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
363H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
316H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
199H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
165H.LKIintermittent lake
83H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
64H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
63H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
63H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
44H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
40H.PNDIintermittent pond
40H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
29H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
25H.STMXsection of stream
23H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
14H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
13H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
11H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
11H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
8H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
8H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
7H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
6H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
6H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
6H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
5H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
4H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
4H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
4H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
4H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
3H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
3H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
3H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
3H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
2H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
2H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
2H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
2H.TNLCcanal tunnela tunnel through which a canal passes
2H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
2H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
1H.LKXsection of lake
1H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
1H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
1H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
1H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
1H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
1H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
1H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
1H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
1H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
1H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
25,207 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
3,747L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
739L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
23L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
23L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
12L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
11L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
9L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
6L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
3L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
3L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
2L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
2L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
2L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
2L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
2L.NVBnaval basean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for troops and naval personnel, a port for naval vessels, and from which operations are initiated
1L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
1L.FLDIirrigated field(s)a tract of level or terraced land which is irrigated
1L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
1L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
4,592 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
39,033P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
1,157P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
658P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
381P.PPLXsection of populated place
25P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
18P.PPLQabandoned populated place
10P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
6P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
4P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
3P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
1P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
41,298 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
2R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
2R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
1R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
1R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
1R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
8 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
593S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
376S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
365S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
306S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
301S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
212S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
185S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
126S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
85S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
79S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
59S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
49S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
33S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
30S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
30S.MNQabandoned mine
29S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
24S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
19S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
18S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
18S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
17S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
15S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
15S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
15S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
14S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
14S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
11S.CMPMNmining campa camp used by miners
11S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
11S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
11S.AIRQabandoned airfield
10S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
10S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
10S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
9S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
9S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
8S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
8S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
7S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
6S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
5S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
5S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
5S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
5S.CMPQabandoned camp
5S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
4S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
4S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
4S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
4S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
3S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
3S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
3S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
3S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
3S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
3S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
2S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
2S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
2S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
2S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
2S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
2S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
2S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
2S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
2S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
2S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
2S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
2S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
1S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
1S.MLMore treatment planta facility for improving the metal content of ore by concentration
1S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
1S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
1S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
1S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
1S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
1S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
1S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
1S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
1S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
1S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
1S.GOSPgas-oil separator planta facility for separating gas from oil
1S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
1S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
1S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
1S.BDGQruined bridgea destroyed or decayed bridge which is no longer functional
1S.CMPOoil campa camp used by oilfield workers
1S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
1S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
1S.OBSRradio observatorya facility equipped with an array of antennae for receiving radio waves from space
1S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
1S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
1S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
1S.SPLYspillwaya passage or outlet through which surplus water flows over, around or through a dam
1S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
3,264 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
19,812T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
1,608T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
1,382T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1,369T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
910T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
887T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
721T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
515T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
386T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
329T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
181T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
118T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
91T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
60T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
55T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
39T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
31T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
29T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
18T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
17T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
15T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
11T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
9T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
8T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
6T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
5T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
5T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
5T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
4T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
4T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
4T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
3T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
3T.MESAmesa(s)a flat-topped, isolated elevation with steep slopes on all sides, less extensive than a plateau
2T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
2T.ISLMmangrove islanda mangrove swamp surrounded by a waterbody
2T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.TRRterracea long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
1T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
1T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
1T.RDGBbeach ridgea ridge of sand just inland and parallel to the beach, usually in series
1T.CUETcuesta(s)an asymmetric ridge formed on tilted strata
1T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
1T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
1T.DVDdividea line separating adjacent drainage basins
1T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
28,655 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
18V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
1V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
19 Total for V

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