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Feature Statistic Chile

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
346A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
54A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
15A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
6A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.LTERleased areaa tract of land leased to another country, usually for military installations
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
423 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
5.020H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1.684H.STMIintermittent stream
882H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
646H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
566H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
551H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
466H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
455H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
181H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
151H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
89H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
88H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
87H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
71H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
66H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
58H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
37H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
30H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
29H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
23H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
19H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
17H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
17H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
14H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
12H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
10H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
10H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
9H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
8H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
7H.LKIintermittent lake
6H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
6H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
6H.LGNSlagoonsshallow coastal waterbodies, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
6H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
5H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
5H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
3H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
3H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
2H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
2H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
2H.CAPGicecapa dome-shaped mass of glacial ice covering an area of mountain summits or other high lands; smaller than an ice sheet
1H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
1H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
1H.GYSRgeysera type of hot spring with intermittent eruptions of jets of hot water and steam
1H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
1H.OVFoverfallsan area of breaking waves caused by the meeting of currents or by waves moving against the current
1H.PNDIintermittent pond
1H.CRNTcurrenta horizontal flow of water in a given direction with uniform velocity
1H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
1H.CNLBcanal benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a canal
1H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.STMXsection of stream
1H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
1H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
11.368 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
1.712L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
61L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
49L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
45L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
21L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
8L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
8L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
5L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
5L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
4L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
2L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
2L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
2L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
1.930 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
3.967P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
77P.PPLXsection of populated place
61P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
14P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
12P.PPLQabandoned populated place
5P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
2P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
2P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
2P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
4.144 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
7R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
4R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
3R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
2R.RRQabandoned railroad
1R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
1R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
1R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
1R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
1R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
1R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
1R.TNLRDroad tunnela tunnel through which a road passes
25 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
2.423S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1.425S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
1.021S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
529S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
357S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
313S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
227S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
208S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
185S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
98S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
92S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
70S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
70S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
60S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
36S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
32S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
30S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
29S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
29S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
24S.MNQabandoned mine
23S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
18S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
15S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
14S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
12S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
11S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
10S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
10S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
8S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
7S.SHPFsheepfolda fence or wall enclosure for sheep and other small herd animals
6S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
6S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
5S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
5S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
5S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
5S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
5S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
5S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
4S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
4S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
4S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
4S.CMPQabandoned camp
4S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
4S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
4S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
4S.RKRYrookerya breeding place of a colony of birds or seals
3S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
3S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
3S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
3S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
2S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
2S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
2S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
2S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
2S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
2S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
2S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
2S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
2S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
1S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
1S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
1S.FRMQabandoned farm
1S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
1S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
1S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
1S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
1S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
1S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
1S.PRKGTpark gatea controlled access to a park
1S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
1S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
1S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
1S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
1S.AIRQabandoned airfield
1S.STNWwhaling stationa facility for butchering whales and processing train oil
1S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
1S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
1S.UNIPuniversity prep schoolUniversity Preparation Schools & Institutions
1S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
1S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
1S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1S.ESTXsection of estate
1S.GRVEgravea burial site
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
7.524 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
4.887T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
2.566T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
2.035T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
1.668T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
720T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
543T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
505T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
473T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
286T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
268T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
238T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
121T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
112T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
88T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
87T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
60T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
55T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
50T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
36T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
35T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
23T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
10T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
8T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
7T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
7T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
3T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
3T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
2T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
2T.VALXsection of valley
2T.ISLXsection of island
1T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
1T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
1T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
1T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
1T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
1T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
1T.PENXsection of peninsula
1T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
1T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
14.910 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
15V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
3V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
2V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
2V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
22 Total for V

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