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Feature Statistic Brazil

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
5.571A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
40A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
27A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
5.641 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
16.502H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
2.861H.STMIintermittent stream
1.581H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
1.272H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
389H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
237H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
223H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
138H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
119H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
110H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
74H.LKIintermittent lake
73H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
71H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
69H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
54H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
50H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
45H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
35H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
32H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
31H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
24H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
15H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
15H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
15H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
13H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
12H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
11H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
10H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
9H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
9H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
8H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
7H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
6H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
5H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
4H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
4H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
4H.STMXsection of stream
3H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
2H.RFCcoral reef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of coral
2H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
2H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
2H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
2H.CNLSBunderground irrigation canal(s)a gently inclined underground tunnel bringing water for irrigation from aquifers
2H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
2H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
2H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
1H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.PNDSNsalt pondssmall standing bodies of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
1H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
1H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
1H.MGVmangrove swampa tropical tidal mud flat characterized by mangrove vegetation
1H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
1H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
1H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
1H.LKSNsalt lakesinland bodies of salt water with no outlet
1H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
1H.CNLQabandoned canal
1H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
1H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
1H.BAYSbayscoastal indentations between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
24.173 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
1.564L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
1.185L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
128L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
77L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
57L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
49L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
41L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
26L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
22L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
10L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
6L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
6L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
5L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
3L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
2L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
2L.CMNcommona park or pasture for community use
1L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
1L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
1L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
3.189 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
44.737P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
6.219P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
3.770P.PPLXsection of populated place
101P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
26P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
5P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
4P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
4P.PPLQabandoned populated place
2P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
2P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
54.872 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
11R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
11R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
7R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
3R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
3R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
2R.TNLRDroad tunnela tunnel through which a road passes
1R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
1R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
42 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
5.411S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
4.140S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
1.575S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
1.445S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
962S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
454S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
375S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
196S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
123S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
106S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
86S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
71S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
69S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
56S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
54S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
50S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
50S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
46S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
43S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
43S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
33S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
32S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
27S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
25S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
23S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
22S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
21S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
20S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
19S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
18S.AIRQabandoned airfield
18S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
14S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
13S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
13S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
11S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
10S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
10S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
10S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
9S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
9S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
9S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
9S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
8S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
8S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
8S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
7S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
7S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
7S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
7S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
7S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
7S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
6S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
6S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
6S.FNDYfoundrya building or works where metal casting is carried out
5S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
5S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
5S.ESTRrubber plantationan estate which specializes in growing and tapping rubber trees
5S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
4S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
4S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
4S.FRMQabandoned farm
4S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
4S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
4S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
4S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
4S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
3S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
3S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
3S.GRVEgravea burial site
3S.MFGQabandoned factory
3S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
3S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
3S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
3S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
3S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
3S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
3S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
2S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
2S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
2S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
2S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
2S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
2S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
2S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
2S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
2S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
2S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
2S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
1S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
1S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
1S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
1S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
1S.MFGSGsugar refinerya facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar
1S.HUThuta small primitive house
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
1S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
1S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.CMPMNmining campa camp used by miners
1S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
1S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
1S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
1S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
1S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
1S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
1S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
1S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
1S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
1S.ESTXsection of estate
1S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
1S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
1S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
15.949 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
1.927T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
1.357T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
750T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
668T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
618T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
569T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
441T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
367T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
334T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
200T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
97T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
77T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
70T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
35T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
33T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
18T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
14T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
12T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
12T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
11T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
9T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
7T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
5T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
4T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
4T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
4T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
2T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
2T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
2T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
2T.MESAmesa(s)a flat-topped, isolated elevation with steep slopes on all sides, less extensive than a plateau
2T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
1T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
1T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
1T.ATOLatoll(s)a ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon
1T.VALSvalleyselongated depressions usually traversed by a stream
1T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
7.662 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1U.RFUreefa surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
2 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
28V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
1V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
29 Total for V

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