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Feature Statistic Afghanistan

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
398A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
34A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
434 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
11,812H.STMIintermittent stream
2,338H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
940H.CNLSBunderground irrigation canal(s)a gently inclined underground tunnel bringing water for irrigation from aquifers
687H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
652H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
156H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
140H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
101H.LKIintermittent lake
60H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
54H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
34H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
27H.STMXsection of stream
18H.STMIXsection of intermittent stream
17H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
17H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
17H.WLLQabandoned well
16H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
16H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
14H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
13H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
12H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
12H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
8H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
7H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
6H.PNDIintermittent pond
4H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
4H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
4H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
3H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
3H.CNLQabandoned canal
2H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
2H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
2H.WLLSwellscylindrical holes, pits, or tunnels drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
2H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
1H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
1H.POOLIintermittent pool
1H.LKNIintermittent salt lake
1H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
1H.SBKHsabkha(s)a salt flat or salt encrusted plain subject to periodic inundation from flooding or high tides
1H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
1H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
1H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
1H.TNLCcanal tunnela tunnel through which a canal passes
1H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
17,210 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
1,408L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
358L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
24L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
9L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
8L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
8L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
2L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
1L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
1L.GASFgasfieldan area containing a subterranean store of natural gas of economic value
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1,820 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
30,594P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
1,024P.PPLQabandoned populated place
582P.PPLXsection of populated place
251P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
33P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
31P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
13P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
4P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
2P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
32,535 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
41R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
41R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
11R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
7R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
4R.RTEcaravan routethe route taken by caravans
2R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
1R.RDBroad benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a road
107 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
1,440S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
551S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
202S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
139S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
112S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
103S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
61S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
58S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
58S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
57S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
38S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
34S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
30S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
29S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
26S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
23S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
23S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
22S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
21S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
20S.GRVEgravea burial site
20S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
19S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
19S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
18S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
17S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
14S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
11S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
11S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
11S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
10S.AIRQabandoned airfield
10S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
9S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
9S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
9S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
8S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
7S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
7S.CMPLlogging campa camp used by loggers
7S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
6S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
6S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
6S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
5S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
5S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
5S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
5S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
5S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
4S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
4S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
3S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
3S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
3S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
3S.RDINintersectiona junction of two or more highways by a system of separate levels that permit traffic to pass from one to another without the crossing of traffic streams
3S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
3S.HLThalting placea place where caravans stop for rest
3S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
2S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
2S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
2S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
2S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
2S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
2S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
2S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
2S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
2S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
2S.PPQabandoned police post
2S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
2S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
2S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
2S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
1S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
1S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
1S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
1S.MNQabandoned mine
1S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
1S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
1S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
1S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
1S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
1S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1S.MFGLMlimekilna furnace in which limestone is reduced to lime
1S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
1S.THTRtheatera building or outdoor area used for live theatrical presentations, concerts, opera or dance productions, cinema, and/or other stage productions
1S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
1S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
1S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.PSTCcustoms posta building at an international boundary where customs and duties are paid on goods
1S.PRNQabandoned prison
3,382 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
12,867T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
1,280T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
1,237T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1,046T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
817T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
598T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
516T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
453T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
433T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
247T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
231T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
144T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
94T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
50T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
39T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
36T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
30T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
26T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
13T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
8T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
8T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
6T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
6T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
5T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
5T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
3T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
2T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
1T.VALXsection of valley
1T.FANfan(s)a fan-shaped wedge of coarse alluvium with apex merging with a mountain stream bed and the fan spreading out at a low angle slope onto an adjacent plain
1T.DVDdividea line separating adjacent drainage basins
1T.LEVleveea natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods
1T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
1T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
1T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
1T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
20,208 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.GLYUgullya small valley-like feature
1 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
21V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
17V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
4V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
3V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
3V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
1V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
49 Total for V

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