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Feature Statistic

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
97.297A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
64.029A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
63.846A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
36.468A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
36.224A.ADM5fifth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a fourth-order administrative division
3.898A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
977A.ADM4Hhistorical fourth-order administrative divisiona former fourth-order administrative division
340A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
193A.PCLIindependent political entity
167A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
132A.PRSHparishan ecclesiastical district
121A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
35A.PCLDdependent political entity
18A.ZNzone
16A.LTERleased areaa tract of land leased to another country, usually for military installations
11A.PCLHhistorical political entitya former political entity
7A.PCLIXsection of independent political entity
7A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
7A.TERRterritory
6A.null
5A.PCLSsemi-independent political entity
4A.ZNBbuffer zonea zone recognized as a buffer between two nations in which military presence is minimal or absent
3A.PCLFfreely associated state
3A.PCLpolitical entity
303.814 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
775.558H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
251.139H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
125.251H.STMIintermittent stream
82.555H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
80.225H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
61.222H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
59.406H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
48.020H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
29.703H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
21.740H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
20.313H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
15.736H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
11.247H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
9.920H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
9.099H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
8.338H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
8.105H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
7.678H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
7.195H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
6.560H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
6.275H.CNLIirrigation canala canal which serves as a main conduit for irrigation water
6.229H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
5.745H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
5.100H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
4.133H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
4.000H.OVFoverfallsan area of breaking waves caused by the meeting of currents or by waves moving against the current
3.963H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
3.933H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
3.579H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
3.349H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
3.275H.RSVIintermittent reservoir
3.053H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
2.943H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
2.734H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
2.636H.PNDIintermittent pond
2.620H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
2.507H.WLLSwellscylindrical holes, pits, or tunnels drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
2.219H.LKIintermittent lake
1.970H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1.806H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
1.747H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
1.692H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
1.653H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
1.603H.SBKHsabkha(s)a salt flat or salt encrusted plain subject to periodic inundation from flooding or high tides
1.582H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
1.481H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
1.439H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
1.243H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
1.199H.CNLSBunderground irrigation canal(s)a gently inclined underground tunnel bringing water for irrigation from aquifers
1.108H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
1.067H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
1.038H.STMXsection of stream
971H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
916H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
782H.WTLDIintermittent wetland
759H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
718H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
673H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
580H.MOORmoor(s)an area of open ground overlaid with wet peaty soils
574H.PNDSpondssmall standing waterbodies
551H.null
494H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
474H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
383H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
369H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
344H.LKXsection of lake
312H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
293H.RFCcoral reef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of coral
264H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
261H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
256H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
245H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
242H.WLLQabandoned well
210H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
191H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
190H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
174H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
162H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
153H.STMIXsection of intermittent stream
151H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
148H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
146H.CNLQabandoned canal
143H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
143H.WADSwadiesvalleys or ravines, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season become watercourses; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
139H.PNDSIintermittent ponds
130H.WADXsection of wadi
122H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
112H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
112H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
107H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
106H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
100H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
97H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
90H.MGVmangrove swampa tropical tidal mud flat characterized by mangrove vegetation
90H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
75H.WADMwadi mouththe lower terminus of a wadi where it widens into an adjoining floodplain, depression, or waterbody
73H.WADJwadi junctiona place where two or more wadies join
72H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
71H.LKNIintermittent salt lake
68H.WTRCwatercoursea natural, well-defined channel produced by flowing water, or an artificial channel designed to carry flowing water
64H.CNLXsection of canal
58H.LKSIintermittent lakes
57H.POOLIintermittent pool
55H.CAPGicecapa dome-shaped mass of glacial ice covering an area of mountain summits or other high lands; smaller than an ice sheet
53H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
52H.PNDNsalt ponda small standing body of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
41H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
40H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
37H.LKOIintermittent oxbow lake
23H.CRNTcurrenta horizontal flow of water in a given direction with uniform velocity
22H.LKSNsalt lakesinland bodies of salt water with no outlet
19H.LGNSlagoonsshallow coastal waterbodies, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
18H.OCNoceanone of the major divisions of the vast expanse of salt water covering part of the earth
16H.BNKXsection of bank
15H.WADBwadi benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a wadi
14H.HBRXsection of harbor
13H.CUTFcutoffa channel formed as a result of a stream cutting through a meander neck
11H.LGNXsection of lagoon
10H.DOMGicecap domea comparatively elevated area on an icecap
10H.RFXsection of reef
9H.GYSRgeysera type of hot spring with intermittent eruptions of jets of hot water and steam
9H.SPNSsulphur spring(s)a place where sulphur ground water flows naturally out of the ground
7H.WHRLwhirlpoola turbulent, rotating movement of water in a stream
6H.BAYSbayscoastal indentations between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
5H.PNDSNsalt pondssmall standing bodies of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
5H.TNLCcanal tunnela tunnel through which a canal passes
5H.FLLSXsection of waterfall(s)
4H.LKSCcrater lakeslakes in a crater or caldera
4H.FJDSfjordslong, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arms of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
3H.CNLBcanal benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a canal
3H.INLTQformer inletan inlet which has been filled in, or blocked by deposits
3H.DTCHMditch mouth(s)an area where a drainage ditch enters a lagoon, lake or bay
3H.LKSNIintermittent salt lakes
2H.LKSBunderground lakea standing body of water in a cave
2H.DPRGicecap depressiona comparatively depressed area on an icecap
2H.PNDNIintermittent salt pond(s)
1H.RDGGicecap ridgea linear elevation on an icecap
1H.SILLsillthe low part of an underwater gap or saddle separating basins, including a similar feature at the mouth of a fjord
1.742.469 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
124.100L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
81.009L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
58.154L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
9.596L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
6.221L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
5.297L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
4.379L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
4.367L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
3.232L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
2.192L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
1.802L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1.722L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
1.676L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
928L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
586L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
508L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
500L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
463L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
376L.OASoasis(-es)an area in a desert made productive by the availability of water
331L.MILBmilitary basea place used by an army or other armed service for storing arms and supplies, and for accommodating and training troops, a base from which operations can be initiated
306L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
263L.FLDIirrigated field(s)a tract of level or terraced land which is irrigated
155L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
142L.GASFgasfieldan area containing a subterranean store of natural gas of economic value
124L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
92L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
86L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
76L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
69L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
62L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
57L.BTLbattlefielda site of a land battle of historical importance
53L.CMNcommona park or pasture for community use
53L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
48L.LANDarctic landa tract of land in the Arctic
40L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
32L.null
30L.MVAmaneuver areaa tract of land where military field exercises are carried out
21L.COLFcoalfielda region in which coal deposits of possible economic value occur
20L.PEATpeat cutting areaan area where peat is harvested
20L.NVBnaval basean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for troops and naval personnel, a port for naval vessels, and from which operations are initiated
14L.CNSconcession areaa lease of land by a government for economic development, e.g., mining, forestry
14L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
12L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
11L.GVLgravel areaan area covered with gravel
7L.RESPpalm tree reservean area of palm trees where use is controlled
7L.CONTcontinentcontinent: Europe, Africa, Asia, North America, South America, Oceania, Antarctica
7L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
3L.BSNPpetroleum basinan area underlain by an oil-rich structural basin
1L.QCKSquicksandan area where loose sand with water moving through it may become unstable when heavy objects are placed at the surface, causing them to sink
309.264 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
2.948.828P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
132.330P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
63.431P.PPLXsection of populated place
32.996P.PPLQabandoned populated place
26.451P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
26.037P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
11.950P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
7.181P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
3.473P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
2.279P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
408P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
405P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
245P.STLMTisraeli settlement
241P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
39P.null
39P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
12P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
3.256.345 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
14.038R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
11.820R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
5.284R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
2.547R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
1.034R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
619R.PTGEportagea place where boats, goods, etc., are carried overland between navigable waters
387R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
235R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
229R.TNLRDroad tunnela tunnel through which a road passes
137R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
106R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
90R.CSWYcausewaya raised roadway across wet ground or shallow water
32R.RRQabandoned railroad
25R.RDBroad benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a road
20R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
15R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
12R.null
11R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
10R.RTEcaravan routethe route taken by caravans
4R.RDCUTroad cutan excavation cut through a hill or ridge for a road
1R.TNLNnatural tunnela cave that is open at both ends
1R.TNLStunnelssubterranean passageways for transportation
1R.STKRstock routea route taken by livestock herds
36.658 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
261.538S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
239.759S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
174.128S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
136.931S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
129.560S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
90.371S.null
83.551S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
67.715S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
48.044S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
43.397S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
41.313S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
31.272S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
30.904S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
30.890S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
23.827S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
23.789S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
21.306S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
20.629S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
19.515S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
17.596S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
17.315S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
16.660S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
16.157S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
14.074S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
12.107S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
8.804S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
8.294S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
8.024S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
8.001S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
7.790S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
7.475S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
6.678S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
6.295S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
6.072S.HSPDdispensarya building where medical or dental aid is dispensed
5.429S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
5.414S.HUThuta small primitive house
5.306S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
4.734S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
4.010S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
3.983S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
3.957S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
3.813S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
3.666S.FRMQabandoned farm
3.395S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
3.327S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
2.997S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
2.971S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
2.870S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
2.775S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
2.761S.ANSancient sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
2.692S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
2.644S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
2.592S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
2.564S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
2.282S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
2.197S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
2.182S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
2.069S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
1.978S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
1.749S.ESTXsection of estate
1.547S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
1.532S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
1.530S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
1.527S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1.421S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
1.411S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
1.342S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
1.201S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
1.164S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
1.107S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
1.094S.AIRQabandoned airfield
1.008S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
994S.SHPFsheepfolda fence or wall enclosure for sheep and other small herd animals
884S.CMPQabandoned camp
853S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
835S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
829S.HUTShutssmall primitive houses
810S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
810S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
780S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
767S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
756S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
723S.ESTRrubber plantationan estate which specializes in growing and tapping rubber trees
695S.MNQabandoned mine
641S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
633S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
602S.GRVEgravea burial site
582S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
557S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
538S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
518S.PGDApagodaa tower-like storied structure, usually a Buddhist shrine
509S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
507S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
502S.RDCRtraffic circlea road junction formed around a central circle about which traffic moves in one direction only
478S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
467S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
461S.ESTOoil palm plantationan estate specializing in the cultivation of oil palm trees
444S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
416S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
393S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
391S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
383S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
383S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
368S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
363S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
353S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
350S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
347S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
338S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
322S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
310S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
310S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
304S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
300S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
268S.ESTTtea plantationan estate which specializes in growing tea bushes
261S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
252S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
243S.TNKDcattle dipping tanka small artificial pond used for immersing cattle in chemically treated water for disease control
238S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
232S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
213S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
210S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
209S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
209S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
207S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
204S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
204S.CMPLlogging campa camp used by loggers
202S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
195S.DAMQruined dama destroyed or decayed dam which is no longer functional
193S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
192S.MLSGsugar milla facility where sugar cane is processed into raw sugar
185S.HLThalting placea place where caravans stop for rest
184S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
166S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
165S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
163S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
152S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
151S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
148S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
145S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
145S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
142S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
138S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
138S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
138S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
131S.RSGNLrailroad signala signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains
131S.CMPLAlabor campa camp used by migrant or temporary laborers
125S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
121S.STNEexperiment stationa facility for carrying out experiments
121S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
118S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
111S.ESTSGsugar plantationan estate that specializes in growing sugar cane
105S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
102S.CMPRFrefugee campa camp used by refugees
97S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
97S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
96S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
90S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
85S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
80S.WRCKwreckthe site of the remains of a wrecked vessel
78S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
76S.PSTCcustoms posta building at an international boundary where customs and duties are paid on goods
74S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
73S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
71S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
70S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
66S.OILWoil wella well from which oil may be pumped
62S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
62S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
61S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
60S.TRMOoil pipeline terminala tank farm or loading facility at the end of an oil pipeline
58S.RLGRretreata place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups
57S.MFGSGsugar refinerya facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar
50S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
49S.STNIinspection stationa station at which vehicles, goods, and people are inspected
46S.USGEunited states government establishmenta facility operated by the United States Government in Panama
44S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
43S.CMPMNmining campa camp used by miners
43S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
43S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
42S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
38S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
37S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
37S.MFGQabandoned factory
36S.ATMautomatic teller machineAn unattended electronic machine in a public place, connected to a data system and related equipment and activated by a bank customer to obtain cash withdrawals and other banking services.
34S.AQCaquaculture facilityfacility or area for the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture
34S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
34S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
33S.PPQabandoned police post
33S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
32S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
30S.MNFEiron mine(s)a mine where iron ore is extracted
29S.DAMSBsub-surface dama dam put down to bedrock in a sand river
28S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
28S.MFGCcannerya building where food items are canned
27S.STNCcoast guard stationa facility from which the coast is guarded by armed vessels
25S.STNSsatellite stationa facility for tracking and communicating with orbiting satellites
23S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
22S.MLSGQformer sugar milla sugar mill no longer used as a sugar mill
22S.WEIRweir(s)a small dam in a stream, designed to raise the water level or to divert stream flow through a desired channel
21S.BTYDboatyarda waterside facility for servicing, repairing, and building small vessels
21S.PRKHQpark headquartersa park administrative facility
20S.HSPLleprosariuman asylum or hospital for lepers
20S.RKRYrookerya breeding place of a colony of birds or seals
20S.GOSPgas-oil separator planta facility for separating gas from oil
20S.PYRpyramidan ancient massive structure of square ground plan with four triangular faces meeting at a point and used for enclosing tombs
17S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
17S.CMPOoil campa camp used by oilfield workers
17S.DCKDdry docka dock providing support for a vessel, and means for removing the water so that the bottom of the vessel can be exposed
16S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
16S.MNCRchrome mine(s)a mine where chrome ore is extracted
14S.CTRAatomic centera facility where atomic research is carried out
13S.ZNFfree trade zonean area, usually a section of a port, where goods may be received and shipped free of customs duty and of most customs regulations
13S.TWOtemp work officeTemporary Work Offices
13S.OILQabandoned oil well
13S.PRKGTpark gatea controlled access to a park
13S.FNDYfoundrya building or works where metal casting is carried out
12S.OILJoil pipeline junctiona section of an oil pipeline where two or more pipes join together
12S.PRNJreformatorya facility for confining, training, and reforming young law offenders
11S.CTRSspace centera facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles
11S.MFGPHphosphate worksa facility for producing fertilizer
9S.SCHNmaritime schoola school at which maritime sciences form the core of the curriculum
9S.LEPCleper colonya settled area inhabited by lepers in relative isolation
9S.OBSRradio observatorya facility equipped with an array of antennae for receiving radio waves from space
8S.MLMore treatment planta facility for improving the metal content of ore by concentration
8S.BDGQruined bridgea destroyed or decayed bridge which is no longer functional
8S.SCHLlanguage schoolLanguage Schools & Institutions
7S.BURburial cave(s)a cave used for human burials
7S.ASYLasyluma facility where the insane are cared for and protected
7S.MSSNQabandoned mission
7S.GHATghata set of steps leading to a river, which are of religious significance, and at their base is usually a platform for bathing
6S.UNIPuniversity prep schoolUniversity Preparation Schools & Institutions
6S.MFGCUcopper worksa facility for processing copper ore
6S.BSTNbaling stationa facility for baling agricultural products
6S.NOVnovitiatea religious house or school where novices are trained
5S.SPLYspillwaya passage or outlet through which surplus water flows over, around or through a dam
4S.PYRSpyramidsancient massive structures of square ground plan with four triangular faces meeting at a point and used for enclosing tombs
4S.STPSstepsstones or slabs placed for ease in ascending or descending a steep slope
4S.MFGLMlimekilna furnace in which limestone is reduced to lime
4S.MFGMmunitions planta factory where ammunition is made
4S.MLOolive oil milla mill where oil is extracted from olives
3S.SECPState Exam Prep Centrestate exam preparation centres
3S.STNWwhaling stationa facility for butchering whales and processing train oil
2S.PRNQabandoned prison
1.812.606 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
324.740T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
179.389T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
107.841T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
90.027T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
61.376T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
40.574T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
34.073T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
28.834T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
23.190T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
22.035T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
20.888T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
14.501T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
13.688T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
9.938T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
9.770T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
9.567T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
8.617T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
8.416T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
7.763T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
7.147T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
6.878T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
6.328T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
5.513T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
3.634T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
3.393T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
2.734T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
2.471T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
2.035T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
1.907T.PLDRpolderan area reclaimed from the sea by diking and draining
1.847T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
1.337T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
1.331T.MESAmesa(s)a flat-topped, isolated elevation with steep slopes on all sides, less extensive than a plateau
1.280T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
1.144T.NTKnunataka rock or mountain peak protruding through glacial ice
1.093T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
1.075T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
1.068T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
920T.LEVleveea natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods
888T.TRGDinterdune trough(s)a long wind-swept trough between parallel longitudinal dunes
807T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
795T.ISLXsection of island
728T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
720T.BNCHbencha long, narrow bedrock platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
655T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
627T.BLOWblowout(s)a small depression in sandy terrain, caused by wind erosion
547T.BUTEbutte(s)a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides
519T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
504T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
502T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
454T.LAVAlava areaan area of solidified lava
424T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
414T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
376T.SINKsinkholea small crater-shape depression in a karst area
354T.CRQcirquea bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
332T.TRRterracea long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
310T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
310T.ERGsandy desertan extensive tract of shifting sand and sand dunes
309T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
305T.NTKSnunataksrocks or mountain peaks protruding through glacial ice
290T.ATOLatoll(s)a ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon
287T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
263T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
221T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
188T.TALtalus slopea steep concave slope formed by an accumulation of loose rock fragments at the base of a cliff or steep slope
149T.CFTcleft(s)a deep narrow slot, notch, or groove in a coastal cliff
121T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
106T.HMCKhammock(s)a patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups
97T.REGstony deserta desert plain characterized by a surface veneer of gravel and stones
73T.ISLFartificial islandan island created by landfill or diking and filling in a wetland, bay, or lagoon
66T.VALSvalleyselongated depressions usually traversed by a stream
61T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
56T.PANSpansa near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
51T.VALGhanging valleya valley the floor of which is notably higher than the valley or shore to which it leads; most common in areas that have been glaciated
50T.FSRfissurea crack associated with volcanism
47T.FANfan(s)a fan-shaped wedge of coarse alluvium with apex merging with a mountain stream bed and the fan spreading out at a low angle slope onto an adjacent plain
41T.DVDdividea line separating adjacent drainage basins
41T.RDGBbeach ridgea ridge of sand just inland and parallel to the beach, usually in series
40T.HMDArock deserta relatively sand-free, high bedrock plateau in a hot desert, with or without a gravel veneer
39T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
37T.CLDAcalderaa depression measuring kilometers across formed by the collapse of a volcanic mountain
33T.MRNmorainea mound, ridge, or other accumulation of glacial till
33T.PENXsection of peninsula
25T.INTFinterfluvea relatively undissected upland between adjacent stream valleys
21T.PTSpointstapering pieces of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
19T.VALXsection of valley
15T.CUETcuesta(s)an asymmetric ridge formed on tilted strata
14T.PLATXsection of plateau
13T.BDLDbadlandsan area characterized by a maze of very closely spaced, deep, narrow, steep-sided ravines, and sharp crests and pinnacles
12T.null
7T.BLHLblowhole(s)a hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air
7T.CRQScirquesbowl-like hollows partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
7T.ISLMmangrove islanda mangrove swamp surrounded by a waterbody
5T.BLDRboulder fielda high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks
4T.SLIDslidea mound of earth material, at the base of a slope and the associated scoured area
4T.RKFLrockfallan irregular mass of fallen rock at the base of a cliff or steep slope
3T.CRDRcorridora strip or area of land having significance as an access way
2T.ASPHasphalt lakea small basin containing naturally occurring asphalt
2T.PLNXsection of plain
2T.NKMmeander necka narrow strip of land between the two limbs of a meander loop at its narrowest point
1.081.794 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
7.231U.SHSUshoalshazards to surface navigation composed of unconsolidated material
1.285U.SMUseamountan elevation rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
632U.CNYUcanyona relatively narrow, deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope
549U.BSNUbasina depression more or less equidimensional in plan and of variable extent
517U.LDGUledgea rocky projection or outcrop, commonly linear and near shore
463U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
358U.RDGUridgea long narrow elevation with steep sides
327U.RFUreefa surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
272U.GLYUgullya small valley-like feature
199U.null
199U.TRGUtrougha long depression of the sea floor characteristically flat bottomed and steep sided, and normally shallower than a trench
188U.VALUvalleya relatively shallow, wide depression, the bottom of which usually has a continuous gradient
164U.TMTUtablemount (or guyot)a seamount having a comparatively smooth, flat top
145U.KNLUknollan elevation rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
137U.FRZUfracture zonean extensive linear zone of irregular topography of the sea floor, characterized by steep-sided or asymmetrical ridges, troughs, or escarpments
118U.SMSUseamountselevations rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
94U.FLTUflata small level or nearly level area
89U.RISUrisea broad elevation that rises gently, and generally smoothly, from the sea floor
88U.PLNUplaina flat, gently sloping or nearly level region
87U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
81U.SPRUspura subordinate elevation, ridge, or rise projecting outward from a larger feature
75U.ESCUescarpment (or scarp)an elongated and comparatively steep slope separating flat or gently sloping areas
69U.PLTUplateaua comparatively flat-topped feature of considerable extent, dropping off abruptly on one or more sides
66U.TRNUtrencha long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea floor, with relatively steep sides
53U.RFSUreefssurface-navigation hazards composed of consolidated material
50U.HLLUhillan elevation rising generally less than 500 meters
47U.SCNUseachannela continuously sloping, elongated depression commonly found in fans or plains and customarily bordered by levees on one or two sides
42U.TERUterracea relatively flat horizontal or gently inclined surface, sometimes long and narrow, which is bounded by a steeper ascending slope on one side and by a steep descending slope on the opposite side
39U.HOLUholea small depression of the sea floor
39U.MNDUmounda low, isolated, rounded hill
33U.FANUfana relatively smooth feature normally sloping away from the lower termination of a canyon or canyon system
31U.GAPUgapa narrow break in a ridge or rise
31U.SLPUslopethe slope seaward from the shelf edge to the beginning of a continental rise or the point where there is a general reduction in slope
23U.SHFUshelfa zone adjacent to a continent (or around an island) that extends from the low water line to a depth at which there is usually a marked increase of slope towards oceanic depths
18U.BKSUbankselevations, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
12U.DEPUdeepa localized deep area within the confines of a larger feature, such as a trough, basin or trench
11U.HLSUhillselevations rising generally less than 500 meters
11U.SDLUsaddlea low part, resembling in shape a saddle, in a ridge or between contiguous seamounts
10U.KNSUknollselevations rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summits
10U.CNSUcanyonsrelatively narrow, deep depressions with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope
6U.PRVUprovincea region identifiable by a group of similar physiographic features whose characteristics are markedly in contrast with surrounding areas
5U.SHVUshelf valleya valley on the shelf, generally the shoreward extension of a canyon
5U.FURUfurrowa closed, linear, narrow, shallow depression
5U.TNGUtonguean elongate (tongue-like) extension of a flat sea floor into an adjacent higher feature
4U.RDSUridgeslong narrow elevations with steep sides
4U.CDAUcordilleraan entire mountain system including the subordinate ranges, interior plateaus, and basins
4U.SILUsillthe low part of a gap or saddle separating basins
3U.EDGUshelf edgea line along which there is a marked increase of slope at the outer margin of a continental shelf or island shelf
3U.TMSUtablemounts (or guyots)seamounts having a comparatively smooth, flat top
3U.SCSUseachannelscontinuously sloping, elongated depressions commonly found in fans or plains and customarily bordered by levees on one or two sides
3U.BDLUborderlanda region adjacent to a continent, normally occupied by or bordering a shelf, that is highly irregular with depths well in excess of those typical of a shelf
3U.APNUaprona gentle slope, with a generally smooth surface, particularly found around groups of islands and seamounts
2U.PKUpeaka prominent elevation, part of a larger feature, either pointed or of very limited extent across the summit
2U.VLSUvalleysa relatively shallow, wide depression, the bottom of which usually has a continuous gradient
2U.PNLUpinnaclea high tower or spire-shaped pillar of rock or coral, alone or cresting a summit
1U.MOTUmoatan annular depression that may not be continuous, located at the base of many seamounts, islands, and other isolated elevations
1U.MESUmesaan isolated, extensive, flat-topped elevation on the shelf, with relatively steep sides
1U.PKSUpeaksprominent elevations, part of a larger feature, either pointed or of very limited extent across the summit
1U.ARCUarcha low bulge around the southeastern end of the island of Hawaii
1U.CRSUcontinental risea gentle slope rising from oceanic depths towards the foot of a continental slope
1U.ARRUarrugadoan area of subdued corrugations off Baja California
1U.LEVUleveean embankment bordering a canyon, valley, or seachannel
1U.MTUmountaina well-delineated subdivision of a large and complex positive feature
13.955 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
20.678V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
3.458V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
1.591V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
1.121V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
1.004V.HTHheathan upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather
940V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
902V.GRVPpalm grovea planting of palm trees
313V.GRVCcoconut grovea planting of coconut trees
229V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
189V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
120V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
118V.VINSvineyardsplantings of grapevines
90V.GRVOolive grovea planting of olive trees
19V.BUSHbush(es)a small clump of conspicuous bushes in an otherwise bare area
6V.GRVPNpine grovea planting of pine trees
4V.TUNDtundraa marshy, treeless, high latitude plain, dominated by mosses, lichens, and low shrub vegetation under permafrost conditions
2V.FRSTFfossilized foresta forest fossilized by geologic processes and now exposed at the earth's surface
30.784 Total for V
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5.293
8.592.982